Attenuated activation of the unfolded protein response following exercise in skeletal muscle of older adults

Corey R. Hart, Zachary C. Ryan, Kyle T. Pfaffenbach, Surendra Dasari, Mojtaba Parvizi, Antigoni Z. Lalia, Ian R. Lanza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sarcopenia is linked with impaired adaptive responses to exercise in aging skeletal muscle. The unfolded protein response (UPR) is an important intramyocellular molecular response pathway that is activated by exercise. The influence of age on skeletal muscle adaptive UPR in response to exercise, and the relationship to other key exercise-responsive regulatory pathways is not well-understood. We evaluated age-related changes in transcriptional markers of UPR activation following a single bout of resistance exercise in 12 young (27 ± 5yrs) and 12 older (75 ± 5yrs) healthy men and women. At baseline, there were modest differences in expression of UPR-related genes in young and older adults. Following exercise, transcriptional markers of UPR pathway activation were attenuated in older adults compared to young based on specific salient UPR-related genes and gene set enrichment analysis. The coordination of post-exercise transcriptional patterns between the UPR pathway, p53/p21 axis of autophagy, and satellite cell differentiation were less evident in older compared to young adults. In conclusion, transcriptomic analysis revealed an age-related decline in the adaptive UPR transcriptional response following a single bout of exercise that could contribute to impaired exercise responsiveness with age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7587-7604
Number of pages18
JournalAging
Volume11
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Aging
  • ER stress
  • Exercise
  • Skeletal muscle
  • Unfolded protein response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Cell Biology

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