Atrial Natriuretic Peptide and Treatment With Sacubitril/Valsartan in Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction

Sean P. Murphy, Margaret F. Prescott, Alexander Camacho, Seethalakshmi R. Iyer, Alan S. Maisel, G. Michael Felker, Javed Butler, Ileana L. Piña, Nasrien E. Ibrahim, Cheryl Abbas, John C. Burnett, Scott D. Solomon, James L. Januzzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: This study sought to assess associations between longitudinal change in atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and reverse cardiac remodeling following initiation of sacubitril/valsartan in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Background: Neprilysin inhibition results in an increase of several vasoactive peptides that may mediate the beneficial effects of sacubitril/valsartan, including ANP. Methods: In a prospective study of initiation and titration of sacubitril/valsartan in patients with HFrEF, blood was collected at scheduled time points into tubes containing protease inhibitors. This pre-specified exploratory analysis included patients in whom ANP was measured at baseline and serially through 12 months of treatment. Results: Among 144 participants (mean age: 64.5 years; left ventricular ejection fraction: 30.8%), following initiation of sacubitril/valsartan, there was an early and significant increase in ANP, with the majority of rise from 99 pg/ml at baseline to 156 pg/ml at day 14 (p < 0.001). There was a further trend toward a second increase from day 30 to day 45 (p = 0.07). At maximal rise, ANP had doubled. In longitudinal analyses, early rise in ANP was followed by a subsequent increase in urinary cycle guanosine monophosphate. Larger early increase in ANP was associated with larger later improvements in left ventricular ejection fraction and left atrial volume index (p < 0.001 for both). Conclusions: Concentrations of ANP doubled after initiation of sacubitril/valsartan in patients with HFrEF. Larger early increases in ANP were associated with a greater magnitude of subsequent reverse cardiac remodeling. (Effects of Sacubitril/Valsartan Therapy on Biomarkers, Myocardial Remodeling and Outcomes [PROVE-HF]; NCT02887183).

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJACC: Heart Failure
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • ANP
  • HFrEF
  • cardiac remodeling
  • sacubitril/valsartan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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