Atrial natriuretic factor modulates whole kidney tubuloglomerular feedback

K. B. Margulies, John C Jr. Burnett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Increases in sodium delivery to the distal nephron reduce glomerular filtration rate (GFR) via tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF). Central volume expansion and pharmacological concentrations of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) are known to attenuate this response. To test the hypothesis that whole kidney TGF is attenuated by pathophysiological concentrations of ANF, hypertonic saline was given intrarenally in five dogs receiving an intravenous infusion of synthetic ANF at 20 ng·kg-1·min-1. To examine whole kidney TGF responses in heart failure, six additional dogs with acute congestive heart failure induced by rapid ventricular pacing also received intrarenal hypertonic saline. Seven sham-paced dogs served as controls. An isolated increase in circulating ANF from 26 ± 3 to 342 ± 23 pg/ml abolished the whole kidney GFR response to hypertonic saline. In acute congestive heart failure, the GFR response to hypertonic saline was not attenuated despite acute central volume overload and similar increases in circulating ANF. This intact response to hypertonic saline in acute congestive heart failure may contribute to the renal sodium retention characteristic of congestive heart failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume259
Issue number1 28-1
StatePublished - 1990

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Atrial Natriuretic Factor
Heart Failure
Kidney
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Dogs
Sodium
Nephrons
Intravenous Infusions
Pharmacology

Keywords

  • Congestive heart failure
  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Sodium retention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

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abstract = "Increases in sodium delivery to the distal nephron reduce glomerular filtration rate (GFR) via tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF). Central volume expansion and pharmacological concentrations of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) are known to attenuate this response. To test the hypothesis that whole kidney TGF is attenuated by pathophysiological concentrations of ANF, hypertonic saline was given intrarenally in five dogs receiving an intravenous infusion of synthetic ANF at 20 ng·kg-1·min-1. To examine whole kidney TGF responses in heart failure, six additional dogs with acute congestive heart failure induced by rapid ventricular pacing also received intrarenal hypertonic saline. Seven sham-paced dogs served as controls. An isolated increase in circulating ANF from 26 ± 3 to 342 ± 23 pg/ml abolished the whole kidney GFR response to hypertonic saline. In acute congestive heart failure, the GFR response to hypertonic saline was not attenuated despite acute central volume overload and similar increases in circulating ANF. This intact response to hypertonic saline in acute congestive heart failure may contribute to the renal sodium retention characteristic of congestive heart failure.",
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N2 - Increases in sodium delivery to the distal nephron reduce glomerular filtration rate (GFR) via tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF). Central volume expansion and pharmacological concentrations of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) are known to attenuate this response. To test the hypothesis that whole kidney TGF is attenuated by pathophysiological concentrations of ANF, hypertonic saline was given intrarenally in five dogs receiving an intravenous infusion of synthetic ANF at 20 ng·kg-1·min-1. To examine whole kidney TGF responses in heart failure, six additional dogs with acute congestive heart failure induced by rapid ventricular pacing also received intrarenal hypertonic saline. Seven sham-paced dogs served as controls. An isolated increase in circulating ANF from 26 ± 3 to 342 ± 23 pg/ml abolished the whole kidney GFR response to hypertonic saline. In acute congestive heart failure, the GFR response to hypertonic saline was not attenuated despite acute central volume overload and similar increases in circulating ANF. This intact response to hypertonic saline in acute congestive heart failure may contribute to the renal sodium retention characteristic of congestive heart failure.

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