Atrial Fibrillation in Eight New World Camelids

R. Bozorgmanesh, K. G. Magdesian, K. E. Estell, J. A. Stern, E. A. Swain, Leigh Griffiths

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: There is limited information on the incidence of clinical signs, concurrent illness and treatment options for atrial fibrillation (AF) in New World Camelids (NWC). Objective: Describe clinical signs and outcome of AF in NWC. Animals: Eight New World Camelids admitted with AF. Methods: A retrospective observational study of camelids diagnosed with AF based on characteristic findings on electrocardiogram (ECG). Results: All animals had an irregularly irregular heart rhythm detected on physical examination and 4 cases had obtunded mentation on admission. Three camelids were diagnosed with AF secondary to oleander intoxication, 3 animals had underlying cardiovascular disease, 1 was diagnosed with lone AF and 1 had AF diagnosed on examination for a urethral obstruction. Five of eight animals survived to discharge and nonsurvivors consisted of animals which died or were euthanized as a result of cardiovascular disease (2/8) or extra-cardiac disease unrelated to the AF (1/8). Conclusions and Clinical Importance: Atrial fibrillation occurs in NWC in association with cardiovascular disease, extra-cardiac disease or as lone AF. Amiodarone and transthoracic cardioversion were attempted in one llama with lone AF, but were unsuccessful. Atrial fibrillation was recorded in 0.1% of admissions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-338
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

New World Camelids
Camelidae
Atrial Fibrillation
cardiovascular diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
heart diseases
animals
atrial fibrillation
Heart Diseases
Nerium
Urethral Obstruction
Nerium oleander
Electric Countershock
llamas
Amiodarone
electrocardiography
observational studies
clinical examination
Physical Examination
Observational Studies

Keywords

  • Alpaca
  • Arrhythmia
  • Cardiac
  • Llama

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Bozorgmanesh, R., Magdesian, K. G., Estell, K. E., Stern, J. A., Swain, E. A., & Griffiths, L. (2016). Atrial Fibrillation in Eight New World Camelids. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 30(1), 335-338. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.13798

Atrial Fibrillation in Eight New World Camelids. / Bozorgmanesh, R.; Magdesian, K. G.; Estell, K. E.; Stern, J. A.; Swain, E. A.; Griffiths, Leigh.

In: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Vol. 30, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 335-338.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bozorgmanesh, R, Magdesian, KG, Estell, KE, Stern, JA, Swain, EA & Griffiths, L 2016, 'Atrial Fibrillation in Eight New World Camelids', Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 335-338. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.13798
Bozorgmanesh R, Magdesian KG, Estell KE, Stern JA, Swain EA, Griffiths L. Atrial Fibrillation in Eight New World Camelids. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine. 2016 Jan 1;30(1):335-338. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.13798
Bozorgmanesh, R. ; Magdesian, K. G. ; Estell, K. E. ; Stern, J. A. ; Swain, E. A. ; Griffiths, Leigh. / Atrial Fibrillation in Eight New World Camelids. In: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine. 2016 ; Vol. 30, No. 1. pp. 335-338.
@article{f64da9465c8a484496c8cb365e3f105c,
title = "Atrial Fibrillation in Eight New World Camelids",
abstract = "Background: There is limited information on the incidence of clinical signs, concurrent illness and treatment options for atrial fibrillation (AF) in New World Camelids (NWC). Objective: Describe clinical signs and outcome of AF in NWC. Animals: Eight New World Camelids admitted with AF. Methods: A retrospective observational study of camelids diagnosed with AF based on characteristic findings on electrocardiogram (ECG). Results: All animals had an irregularly irregular heart rhythm detected on physical examination and 4 cases had obtunded mentation on admission. Three camelids were diagnosed with AF secondary to oleander intoxication, 3 animals had underlying cardiovascular disease, 1 was diagnosed with lone AF and 1 had AF diagnosed on examination for a urethral obstruction. Five of eight animals survived to discharge and nonsurvivors consisted of animals which died or were euthanized as a result of cardiovascular disease (2/8) or extra-cardiac disease unrelated to the AF (1/8). Conclusions and Clinical Importance: Atrial fibrillation occurs in NWC in association with cardiovascular disease, extra-cardiac disease or as lone AF. Amiodarone and transthoracic cardioversion were attempted in one llama with lone AF, but were unsuccessful. Atrial fibrillation was recorded in 0.1{\%} of admissions.",
keywords = "Alpaca, Arrhythmia, Cardiac, Llama",
author = "R. Bozorgmanesh and Magdesian, {K. G.} and Estell, {K. E.} and Stern, {J. A.} and Swain, {E. A.} and Leigh Griffiths",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/jvim.13798",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "30",
pages = "335--338",
journal = "Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine",
issn = "0891-6640",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Atrial Fibrillation in Eight New World Camelids

AU - Bozorgmanesh, R.

AU - Magdesian, K. G.

AU - Estell, K. E.

AU - Stern, J. A.

AU - Swain, E. A.

AU - Griffiths, Leigh

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Background: There is limited information on the incidence of clinical signs, concurrent illness and treatment options for atrial fibrillation (AF) in New World Camelids (NWC). Objective: Describe clinical signs and outcome of AF in NWC. Animals: Eight New World Camelids admitted with AF. Methods: A retrospective observational study of camelids diagnosed with AF based on characteristic findings on electrocardiogram (ECG). Results: All animals had an irregularly irregular heart rhythm detected on physical examination and 4 cases had obtunded mentation on admission. Three camelids were diagnosed with AF secondary to oleander intoxication, 3 animals had underlying cardiovascular disease, 1 was diagnosed with lone AF and 1 had AF diagnosed on examination for a urethral obstruction. Five of eight animals survived to discharge and nonsurvivors consisted of animals which died or were euthanized as a result of cardiovascular disease (2/8) or extra-cardiac disease unrelated to the AF (1/8). Conclusions and Clinical Importance: Atrial fibrillation occurs in NWC in association with cardiovascular disease, extra-cardiac disease or as lone AF. Amiodarone and transthoracic cardioversion were attempted in one llama with lone AF, but were unsuccessful. Atrial fibrillation was recorded in 0.1% of admissions.

AB - Background: There is limited information on the incidence of clinical signs, concurrent illness and treatment options for atrial fibrillation (AF) in New World Camelids (NWC). Objective: Describe clinical signs and outcome of AF in NWC. Animals: Eight New World Camelids admitted with AF. Methods: A retrospective observational study of camelids diagnosed with AF based on characteristic findings on electrocardiogram (ECG). Results: All animals had an irregularly irregular heart rhythm detected on physical examination and 4 cases had obtunded mentation on admission. Three camelids were diagnosed with AF secondary to oleander intoxication, 3 animals had underlying cardiovascular disease, 1 was diagnosed with lone AF and 1 had AF diagnosed on examination for a urethral obstruction. Five of eight animals survived to discharge and nonsurvivors consisted of animals which died or were euthanized as a result of cardiovascular disease (2/8) or extra-cardiac disease unrelated to the AF (1/8). Conclusions and Clinical Importance: Atrial fibrillation occurs in NWC in association with cardiovascular disease, extra-cardiac disease or as lone AF. Amiodarone and transthoracic cardioversion were attempted in one llama with lone AF, but were unsuccessful. Atrial fibrillation was recorded in 0.1% of admissions.

KW - Alpaca

KW - Arrhythmia

KW - Cardiac

KW - Llama

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84956686852&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84956686852&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jvim.13798

DO - 10.1111/jvim.13798

M3 - Article

C2 - 26647783

AN - SCOPUS:84956686852

VL - 30

SP - 335

EP - 338

JO - Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine

JF - Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine

SN - 0891-6640

IS - 1

ER -