ATP-sensitive K+ channel openers prevent Ca2+ overload in rat cardiac mitochondria

Ekhson L. Holmuhamedov, Liewei M Wang, Andre Terzic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

289 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1. Mitochondrial dysfunction, secondary to excessive accumulation of Ca2+, has been implicated in cardiac injury. We here examined the action of potassium channel openers on mitochondrial Ca2+ homeostasis, as these cardioprotective ion channel modulators have recently been shown to target a mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ channel. 2. In isolated cardiac mitochondria, diazoxide and pinacidil decreased the rate and magnitude of Ca2+ uptake into the mitochondrial matrix with IC50 of 65 and 128 μM, respectively. At all stages of Ca2+ uptake, the potassium channel openers depolarized the mitochondrial membrane thereby reducing Ca2+ influx through the potential-dependent mitochondrial uniporter. 3. Diazoxide and pinacidil, in a concentration-dependent manner, also activated release of Ca2+ from mitochondria. This was prevented by cyclosporin A, an inhibitor of Ca2+ release through the mitochondrial permeability transition pore. 4. Replacement of extramitochondrial K+ with mannitol abolished the effects of diazoxide and pinacidil on mitochondrial Ca2+, while the K+ ionophore valinomycin mimicked the effects of the potassium channel openers. 5. ATP and ADP, which block K+ flux through mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ channels, inhibited the effects of potassium channel openers, without preventing the action of valinomycin. 6. In intact cardiomyocytes, diazoxide also induced mitochondrial depolarization and decreased mitochondrial Ca2+ content. These effects were inhibited by the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ channel blocker 5-hydroxydecanoic acid. 7. Thus, potassium channel openers prevent mitochondrial Ca2+ overload by reducing the driving force for Ca2+ uptake and by activating cyclosporin-sensitive Ca2+ release. In this regard, modulators of an ATP-sensitive mitochondrial K+ conductance may contribute to the maintenance of mitochondrial Ca2+ homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-360
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Physiology
Volume519
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1999

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Potassium Channels
Diazoxide
Pinacidil
Mitochondria
Adenosine Triphosphate
Valinomycin
Cyclosporine
Homeostasis
Ionophores
Mitochondrial Membranes
Mannitol
Ion Channels
Cardiac Myocytes
Adenosine Diphosphate
Inhibitory Concentration 50
Maintenance
Wounds and Injuries
mitochondrial K(ATP) channel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

ATP-sensitive K+ channel openers prevent Ca2+ overload in rat cardiac mitochondria. / Holmuhamedov, Ekhson L.; Wang, Liewei M; Terzic, Andre.

In: Journal of Physiology, Vol. 519, No. 2, 01.09.1999, p. 347-360.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - 1. Mitochondrial dysfunction, secondary to excessive accumulation of Ca2+, has been implicated in cardiac injury. We here examined the action of potassium channel openers on mitochondrial Ca2+ homeostasis, as these cardioprotective ion channel modulators have recently been shown to target a mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ channel. 2. In isolated cardiac mitochondria, diazoxide and pinacidil decreased the rate and magnitude of Ca2+ uptake into the mitochondrial matrix with IC50 of 65 and 128 μM, respectively. At all stages of Ca2+ uptake, the potassium channel openers depolarized the mitochondrial membrane thereby reducing Ca2+ influx through the potential-dependent mitochondrial uniporter. 3. Diazoxide and pinacidil, in a concentration-dependent manner, also activated release of Ca2+ from mitochondria. This was prevented by cyclosporin A, an inhibitor of Ca2+ release through the mitochondrial permeability transition pore. 4. Replacement of extramitochondrial K+ with mannitol abolished the effects of diazoxide and pinacidil on mitochondrial Ca2+, while the K+ ionophore valinomycin mimicked the effects of the potassium channel openers. 5. ATP and ADP, which block K+ flux through mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ channels, inhibited the effects of potassium channel openers, without preventing the action of valinomycin. 6. In intact cardiomyocytes, diazoxide also induced mitochondrial depolarization and decreased mitochondrial Ca2+ content. These effects were inhibited by the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ channel blocker 5-hydroxydecanoic acid. 7. Thus, potassium channel openers prevent mitochondrial Ca2+ overload by reducing the driving force for Ca2+ uptake and by activating cyclosporin-sensitive Ca2+ release. In this regard, modulators of an ATP-sensitive mitochondrial K+ conductance may contribute to the maintenance of mitochondrial Ca2+ homeostasis.

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