ATP-sensitive K+ channel knockout compromises the metabolic benefit of exercise training, resulting in cardiac deficits

Garvan C. Kane, Atta Behfar, Satsuki Yamada, Carmen Perez-Terzic, Fearghas O'Cochlain, Santiago Reyes, Petras P. Dzeja, Takashi Miki, Susumu Seino, Andre Terzic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

89 Scopus citations

Abstract

Exercise training elicits a metabolic and cardiovascular response that underlies fitness. The molecular mechanisms that orchestrate this adaptive response and secure the wide-ranging gains of a regimented exercise program are poorly understood. Formed through association of the Kir6.2 pore and the sulfonylurea receptor, the stress-responsive ATP-sensitive K+ channels (KATP channels), with their metabolic-sensing capability and broad tissue expression, are potential candidates for integrating the systemic adaptive response to repetitive exercise. Here, the responses of mice lacking functional Kir6.2-containing KATP channels (Kir6.2-KO) were compared with wild-type controls following a 28-day endurance swimming protocol. While chronic aquatic training resulted in lighter, leaner, and fitter wild-type animals, the Kir6.2-KO manifested less augmentation in exercise capacity and lacked metabolic improvement in body fat composition and glycemic handling with myocellular defects. Moreover, the repetitive stress of swimming unmasked a survival disadvantage in the Kir6.2-KO, associated with pathologic calcium-dependent structural damage in the heart and impaired cardiac performance. Thus, Kir6.2-containing KATP channel activity is required for attainment of the physiologic benefits of exercise training without injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S169-S175
JournalDiabetes
Volume53
Issue numberSUPPL. 3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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