Athletic injuries of the lateral abdominal wall: review of anatomy and MR imaging appearance

J. Derek Stensby, Jonathan C. Baker, Michael Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The lateral abdominal wall is comprised of three muscles, each with a different function and orientation. The transversus abdominus, internal oblique, and external oblique muscles span the abdominal cavity between the iliocostalis lumborum and quadratus lumborum posteriorly and the rectus abdominis anteriorly. The lateral abdominal wall is bound superiorly by the lower ribs and costal cartilages and inferiorly by the iliac crest and inguinal ligament. The lateral abdominal wall may be acutely or chronically injured in a variety of athletic endeavors, with occasional acute injuries in the setting of high-energy trauma such as motor vehicle collisions. Injuries to the lateral abdominal wall may result in lumbar hernia formation, unique for its high incarceration rate, and also Spigelian hernias. This article will review the anatomy, the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging approach, and the features and complications of lateral abdominal wall injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-162
Number of pages8
JournalSkeletal Radiology
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Abdominal muscles
  • Abdominal wall
  • Hernia
  • Ribs
  • Sports

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this