Associations of microbiota and toll-like receptor signaling pathway in esophageal adenocarcinoma

Ali H. Zaidi, Lori A. Kelly, Rachael E. Kreft, Mark Barlek, Ashten N. Omstead, Daisuke Matsui, Natalie H. Boyd, Kathryn E. Gazarik, Megan I. Heit, Laura Nistico, Pashtoon M. Kasi, Tracy L. Spirk, Barbara Byers, Emily J. Lloyd, Rodney J. Landreneau, Blair A. Jobe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Toll-like receptors (TLRs) recognize known molecules from microbes and have an established role in tumorigenesis. Using a rat model of esophageal adenocarcinoma, and human clinical samples, we investigated genes central to TLR-mediated signal transduction and characterized the esophageal microbiome across the spectrum of esophageal adenocarcinoma carcinogenesis. Methods: We surgically induced bile/acid reflux in rats and their esophagi were harvested at 40 weeks post-surgery. Tissue samples from the model were selected for gene expression profiling. Additionally, for rat and human samples microbiome analysis was performed using PCR-ESI-MS-TOF technology with validation by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Results: Gene expression results in the rat model indicated a significant upregulation of TLRs 1-3, 6, 7 and 9 in EAC compared to normal epithelium. PCR-ESI-MS-TOF analysis revealed a prevalence of Escherichia coli in Barrett's esophagus (60 %) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (100 %), which was validated by fluorescence in situ hybridization. In the human clinical samples, Streptococcus pneumonia was detected in high abundance in gastroesophageal reflux disease and Barrett's esophagus (50-70 %) in comparison to tumor adjacent normal epithelium, dysplasia, and esophageal adenocarcinoma (20-30 %). E. coli was detected in the Barrett's esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma groups but was absent in the tumor adjacent normal epithelium, dysplasia, and the gastroesophageal reflux disease groups. Conclusions: We demonstrated an association between the TLR signaling pathway and E. coli hinting towards possible early molecular changes being mediated by microbes in the rat model of esophageal adenocarcinoma carcinogenesis. Studies on human clinical samples also corroborate results to some extent; however, a study with larger sample size is needed to further explore this association.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number52
JournalBMC cancer
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2 2016

Keywords

  • Esophageal adenocarcinoma
  • Levrat model
  • Microbiota
  • Toll-Like Receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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