Associations between intake of folate and related micronutrients with molecularly defined colorectal cancer risks in the Iowa Women's Health Study

Anthony A. Razzak, Amy S. Oxentenko, Robert A. Vierkant, Lori S. Tillmans, Alice H. Wang, Daniel J. Weisenberger, Peter W. Laird, Charles F. Lynch, Kristin E. Anderson, Amy J. French, Robert W. Haile, Lisa J. Harnack, John D. Potter, Susan L Slager, Thomas Christopher Smyrk, Stephen N Thibodeau, James R Cerhan, Paul John Limburg

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23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Folate and related micronturients may affect colorectal cancer (CRC) risk, but the molecular mechanism(s) remain incompletely defined. We analyzed associations between dietary folate, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, and methionine with incident CRC, overall and by microsatellite instability (MSS/MSI-L or MSI-H), CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP-negative or CIMP-positive), BRAF mutation (negative or positive), and KRAS mutation (negative or positive) status in the prospective, population-based Iowa Women's Health Study (IWHS; 55-69years at baseline; n = 41,836). Intake estimates were obtained from baseline, self-reported food frequency questionnaires. Molecular marker data were obtained for 514 incident CRC cases. Folate intake was inversely associated with overall CRC risk in age-adjusted Cox regression models, whereas methionine intake was inversely associated with overall CRC risk in multivariable-adjusted models [relative risk (RR) = 0.81; 95% CI = 0.69-0.95; P trend = 0.001 and RR = 0.72; 95% CI = 0.54-0.96; P trend = 0.03 for highest vs. lowest quartiles, respectively]. None of the dietary exposures were associated with MSI, CIMP, BRAF, or KRAS defined CRC subtypes. These data provide minimal support for major effects from the examined micronutrients on overall or molecularly defined CRC risks in the IWHS cohort.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)899-910
Number of pages12
JournalNutrition and Cancer
Volume64
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Razzak, A. A., Oxentenko, A. S., Vierkant, R. A., Tillmans, L. S., Wang, A. H., Weisenberger, D. J., Laird, P. W., Lynch, C. F., Anderson, K. E., French, A. J., Haile, R. W., Harnack, L. J., Potter, J. D., Slager, S. L., Smyrk, T. C., Thibodeau, S. N., Cerhan, J. R., & Limburg, P. J. (2012). Associations between intake of folate and related micronutrients with molecularly defined colorectal cancer risks in the Iowa Women's Health Study. Nutrition and Cancer, 64(7), 899-910. https://doi.org/10.1080/01635581.2012.714833