Association of prior stroke with cognitive function and cognitive impairment: A population-based study

David S Knopman, Rosebud O Roberts, Yonas Endale Geda, Bradley F Boeve, V. Shane Pankratz, Ruth H. Cha, Eric George Tangalos, Robert J. Ivnik, Ronald Carl Petersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Defining the nature of the contribution of stroke to cognitive impairment remains challenging. Objective: To describe associations between stroke history, APOE genotype, and subtypes of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: We randomly selected residents from Olmsted County, Minnesota, aged 70 to 89 years on October 1, 2004, and invited eligible subjects without documented dementia to participate. Participants (n=2050) were evaluated through an informant interview, a neurological evaluation, and neuropsychological testing. Neuropsychological testing included 9 tests to assess memory, attention, executive function, visuospatial cognition, and language. Subjects were diagnosed by consensus as cognitively normal or as having MCI (either amnestic or nonamnestic) or dementia. A history of stroke was obtained from the subjects and confirmed in their medical records. We computed the odds ratios (ORs) for a clinical diagnosis of MCI or for scoring in the lowest quartile on each cognitive domain. Results: There were 1640 cognitively normal subjects and 329 subjects with MCI: 241 with amnestic MCI and 88 with nonamnestic MCI. In fully adjusted models with only subjects without dementia, a history of stroke was associated with a higher OR of nonamnestic MCI (OR, 2.85; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.61-5.04) than amnestic MCI (OR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.14-2.74). A history of stroke was also associated with impaired function in each cognitive domain except memory. The association was strongest for attention and executive function (OR, 2.48; 95% CI, 1.73-3.53). APOE ε4 genotype was associated only with amnestic MCI and with impaired memory function. Conclusions: In this population-based sample of persons without dementia, a history of stroke was particularly associated with nonamnestic MCI and impairment in nonmemory cognition. The APOE ε4 genotype was associated with memory impairment and amnestic MCI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)614-619
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Neurology
Volume66
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2009

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Cognition
Stroke
Population
Odds Ratio
Dementia
Executive Function
Genotype
Confidence Intervals
Cognitive Dysfunction
Mild Cognitive Impairment
Cognitive Function
Cognitive Impairment
Medical Records
Consensus
History
Language
Interviews

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Association of prior stroke with cognitive function and cognitive impairment : A population-based study. / Knopman, David S; Roberts, Rosebud O; Geda, Yonas Endale; Boeve, Bradley F; Pankratz, V. Shane; Cha, Ruth H.; Tangalos, Eric George; Ivnik, Robert J.; Petersen, Ronald Carl.

In: Archives of Neurology, Vol. 66, No. 5, 05.2009, p. 614-619.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Defining the nature of the contribution of stroke to cognitive impairment remains challenging. Objective: To describe associations between stroke history, APOE genotype, and subtypes of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: We randomly selected residents from Olmsted County, Minnesota, aged 70 to 89 years on October 1, 2004, and invited eligible subjects without documented dementia to participate. Participants (n=2050) were evaluated through an informant interview, a neurological evaluation, and neuropsychological testing. Neuropsychological testing included 9 tests to assess memory, attention, executive function, visuospatial cognition, and language. Subjects were diagnosed by consensus as cognitively normal or as having MCI (either amnestic or nonamnestic) or dementia. A history of stroke was obtained from the subjects and confirmed in their medical records. We computed the odds ratios (ORs) for a clinical diagnosis of MCI or for scoring in the lowest quartile on each cognitive domain. Results: There were 1640 cognitively normal subjects and 329 subjects with MCI: 241 with amnestic MCI and 88 with nonamnestic MCI. In fully adjusted models with only subjects without dementia, a history of stroke was associated with a higher OR of nonamnestic MCI (OR, 2.85; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI], 1.61-5.04) than amnestic MCI (OR, 1.77; 95{\%} CI, 1.14-2.74). A history of stroke was also associated with impaired function in each cognitive domain except memory. The association was strongest for attention and executive function (OR, 2.48; 95{\%} CI, 1.73-3.53). APOE ε4 genotype was associated only with amnestic MCI and with impaired memory function. Conclusions: In this population-based sample of persons without dementia, a history of stroke was particularly associated with nonamnestic MCI and impairment in nonmemory cognition. The APOE ε4 genotype was associated with memory impairment and amnestic MCI.",
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AU - Cha, Ruth H.

AU - Tangalos, Eric George

AU - Ivnik, Robert J.

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