Association of plasma resistin with glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria in hypertensive adults

Allison A. Ellington, A. Rauoof Malik, George G. Klee, Stephen T. Turner, Andrew D. Rule, Thomas H. Mosley, Iftikhar J. Kullo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

Resistin, a recently discovered proinflammatory cytokine, has been variably associated with insulin resistance, inflammation, and renal dysfunction. We investigated the association of plasma resistin with estimated glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria in 1575 hypertensive adults without known coronary heart disease or stroke (857 blacks and 718 non-Hispanic whites). Resistin was measured by a solid phase sandwich immunoassay, estimated glomerular filtration rate was estimated from serum creatinine, and albuminuria was expressed as urine albumin:creatinine ratio. After adjustment for coronary heart disease risk factors (age, sex, body mass index, smoking history, systolic blood pressure, diabetes, and total and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) and use of renin-angiotensin blockers and statins, higher plasma resistin levels were associated with lower estimated glomerular filtration rate in both ethnic groups (each P<0.0001); the association remained significant after further adjustment for a marker of insulin resistance (homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance) and a marker of inflammation (plasma C-reactive protein) and was seen in subjects with and without diabetes (each P<0.0001) in both ethnic groups. Higher plasma resistin levels were associated with a higher urine albumin:creatinine ratio in black subjects with diabetes (P<0.0001) and non-Hispanic white subjects with diabetes (P=0.032), independent of coronary heart disease risk factors, hypertension medication use, and statin use; the association remained significant after additional adjustment for homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance and C-reactive protein. In adults with hypertension, higher circulating resistin levels were associated with a lower estimated glomerular filtration rate and with increased urine albumin:creatinine ratio in the presence of concomitant diabetes. This association was independent of coronary heart disease risk factors and markers of insulin resistance and inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)708-714
Number of pages7
JournalHypertension
Volume50
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2007

Keywords

  • Albuminuria
  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Inflammation
  • Insulin resistance
  • Resistin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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