Association of Multimorbidity with Cardiovascular Endpoints and Treatment Effectiveness in Patients 75 Years and Older with Atrial Fibrillation

J'Neka S. Claxton, Alanna M. Chamberlain, Pamela L. Lutsey, Lin Y. Chen, Richard F. MacLehose, Lindsay G.S. Bengtson, Alvaro Alonso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The burden imposed by multimorbidity on outcomes and on the effectiveness of atrial fibrillation therapies in elderly adults with atrial fibrillation is unknown. Methods: Patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation ages ≥75 years in the MarketScan Medicare Supplemental database from 2007-2015. Prevalence of 14 chronic conditions at the time of atrial fibrillation diagnosis were obtained and classified as cardiometabolic or noncardiometabolic. Cox regression estimated the associations of the number and type of conditions with stroke, severe bleeding, and heart failure hospitalizations. Tests for interaction were assessed between atrial fibrillation treatments and multimorbidity. Results: Among 275,617 patients with atrial fibrillation (mean age 83 years, 51% women), the mean (SD) number of conditions per participant was 3.0 (2.1). Over a mean follow-up of 23 months, 7814 strokes, 13,622 severe bleeds, and 19,252 heart failure events occurred. After adjustment, an increase in the number of cardiometabolic conditions was associated with greater risk of stroke (hazard ratio [HR] 1.07; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.05-1.10), severe bleeding (HR 1.09; 95% CI, 1.07-1.11), and heart failure (HR 1.19, 95% CI, 1.18-1.20). In contrast, number of noncardiometabolic conditions had weak or null associations with risk of cardiovascular endpoints. Overall, the effectiveness of atrial fibrillation treatment on stroke and heart failure were similar across multimorbidity status, but bleeding risk associated with atrial fibrillation treatments was higher in patients with overall and subgroup multimorbidity. Conclusion: Cardiometabolic multimorbidity was associated with worse outcomes and modified bleeding risk in atrial fibrillation patients. These findings underscore the impact of cardiometabolic conditions on atrial fibrillation outcomes and highlights the need to incorporate multimorbidity management in atrial fibrillation treatment guidelines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Elderly
  • Multimorbidity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Association of Multimorbidity with Cardiovascular Endpoints and Treatment Effectiveness in Patients 75 Years and Older with Atrial Fibrillation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this