Association of hip strength estimates by finite-element analysis with fractures in women and men

Shreyasee Amin, David L. Kopperdhal, L. Joseph Melton, Sara J. Achenbach, Terry M Therneau, B. Lawrence Riggs, Tony M. Keaveny, Sundeep Khosla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Finite-element analysis (FEA) of quantitative computed tomography (QCT) scans can estimate site-specific whole-bone strength. However, it is uncertain whether the site-specific detail included in FEA-estimated proximal femur (hip) strength can determine fracture risk at sites with different biomechanical characteristics. To address this question, we used FEA of proximal femur QCT scans to estimate hip strength and load-to-strength ratio during a simulated sideways fall and measured total hip areal and volumetric bone mineral density (aBMD and vBMD) from QCT images in an age-stratified random sample of community-dwelling adults age 35 years or older. Among 314 women (mean age ± SD: 61 ± 15 years; 235 postmenopausal) and 266 men (62 ± 16 years), 139 women and 104 men had any prevalent fracture, whereas 55 Women and 28 men had a prevalent osteoporotic fracture that had occurred at age 35 years or older. Odds ratios by age-adjusted logistic regression analysis for prevalent overall and osteoporotic fractures each were similar for FEA hip strength and load-to-strength ratio, as well as for total hip aBMD and vBMD. C-statistics (estimated areas under ROC curves) also were similar [eg, 0.84 to 0.85 (women) and 0.75 to 0.78 (men) for osteoporotic fractures]. In women and men, the association with prevalent osteoporotic fractures increased below an estimated hip strength of approximately 3000 N. Despite its site-specific nature, FEA-estimated hip strength worked equally well at predicting prevalent overall and osteoporotic fractures. Furthermore, an estimated hip strength below 3000 N may represent a critical level of systemic skeletal fragility in both sexes that warrants further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1593-1600
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
Volume26
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

Fingerprint

Finite Element Analysis
Hip
Osteoporotic Fractures
Tomography
Femur
Independent Living
ROC Curve
Bone Density
Area Under Curve
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Regression Analysis
Bone and Bones

Keywords

  • Bone Density
  • Finite-Element Analysis
  • Fractures
  • Hip
  • Proximal Femur
  • Quantitative Computed Tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Association of hip strength estimates by finite-element analysis with fractures in women and men. / Amin, Shreyasee; Kopperdhal, David L.; Melton, L. Joseph; Achenbach, Sara J.; Therneau, Terry M; Riggs, B. Lawrence; Keaveny, Tony M.; Khosla, Sundeep.

In: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, Vol. 26, No. 7, 07.2011, p. 1593-1600.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Amin, Shreyasee ; Kopperdhal, David L. ; Melton, L. Joseph ; Achenbach, Sara J. ; Therneau, Terry M ; Riggs, B. Lawrence ; Keaveny, Tony M. ; Khosla, Sundeep. / Association of hip strength estimates by finite-element analysis with fractures in women and men. In: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 2011 ; Vol. 26, No. 7. pp. 1593-1600.
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AB - Finite-element analysis (FEA) of quantitative computed tomography (QCT) scans can estimate site-specific whole-bone strength. However, it is uncertain whether the site-specific detail included in FEA-estimated proximal femur (hip) strength can determine fracture risk at sites with different biomechanical characteristics. To address this question, we used FEA of proximal femur QCT scans to estimate hip strength and load-to-strength ratio during a simulated sideways fall and measured total hip areal and volumetric bone mineral density (aBMD and vBMD) from QCT images in an age-stratified random sample of community-dwelling adults age 35 years or older. Among 314 women (mean age ± SD: 61 ± 15 years; 235 postmenopausal) and 266 men (62 ± 16 years), 139 women and 104 men had any prevalent fracture, whereas 55 Women and 28 men had a prevalent osteoporotic fracture that had occurred at age 35 years or older. Odds ratios by age-adjusted logistic regression analysis for prevalent overall and osteoporotic fractures each were similar for FEA hip strength and load-to-strength ratio, as well as for total hip aBMD and vBMD. C-statistics (estimated areas under ROC curves) also were similar [eg, 0.84 to 0.85 (women) and 0.75 to 0.78 (men) for osteoporotic fractures]. In women and men, the association with prevalent osteoporotic fractures increased below an estimated hip strength of approximately 3000 N. Despite its site-specific nature, FEA-estimated hip strength worked equally well at predicting prevalent overall and osteoporotic fractures. Furthermore, an estimated hip strength below 3000 N may represent a critical level of systemic skeletal fragility in both sexes that warrants further investigation.

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