Objective: The purpose of this study was to test the hy-pothesis that subcortical β-amyloid (Aβ) deposition was associated with elevated scores on standardized measures of depressive and anxiety symptoms when compared with cortical (Aβ) deposition in persons without dementia. Methods: The authors performed a cross-sectional study, derived from the population-based Mayo Clinic Study of Aging, comprising participants aged ≥70 years (N=1,022; 55% males; 28% apolipoprotein E [APOE] ε4 carriers; without cognitive impairment, N=842; mild cognitive impairment; N=180). To assess Aβ deposition in cortical and subcortical (the amygdala, striatum, and thalamus) regions, participants underwent Pittsburgh Compound B positron emission to-mography (PiB-PET) and completed the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). The investigators ran linear regression models to examine the association between PiB-PET standardized uptake value ratios (SUVRs) in the neocortex and subcortical regions and depressive and anxiety symptoms (BDI-II and BAI total scores). Models were adjusted for age, sex, education level, and APOE ε4 carrier status and stratified by cognitive status (without cognitive impairment, mild cognitive impairment). Results: Cortical PiB-PET SUVRs were associated with depressive symptoms (β=0.57 [SE=0.13], p<0.001) and anxiety symptoms (β=0.34 [SE=0.13], p=0.011). PiB-PET SUVRs in the amygdala were associated only with depressive symptoms (β=0.80 [SE=0.26], p=0.002). PiB-PET SUVRs in the striatum and thalamus were associated with depressive symptoms (striatum: β=0.69 [SE=0.18], p<0.001; thalamus: β=0.61 [SE=0.24], p=0.011) and anxiety symptoms (striatum: β=0.56 [SE=0.18], p=0.002; thalamus: β=0.65 [SE=0.24], p=0.008). In the mild cognitive impairment subsample, Aβ deposition, regardless of neuroanatomic location, was associated with depressive symptoms but not anxiety symptoms. Conclusions: Elevated amyloid deposition in cortical and subcortical brain regions was associated with higher depressive and anxiety symptoms, although these findings did not significantly differ by cortical versus subcortical Aβ de-position. This cross-sectional observation needs to be con-firmed by a longitudinal study.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences|
|State||Published - Jan 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Psychiatry and Mental health