Background The membrane bound bile acid (BA) receptor, TGR5, is located on myenteric, cholinergic and nitrergic neurons in colon and proximal small intestine. Our aim was to assess the association of genetic variation in TGR5 and small bowel transit (SBT) and colonic transit. Methods In 230 healthy controls and 414 patients with lower functional GI disorders [FGID: irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-alternators (Alt) 84, IBS-constipation (IBS-C) 157, IBS-diarrhea (IBS-D) 173], we tested the association between TGR5 SNP rs11554825 (minor allele frequency 41%) with symptom phenotype (total cohort) and intermediate phenotype (SBT or colonic transit by radioscintigraphy) which was available in 213 people in this cohort. The association with symptom phenotype was assessed using logistic regression, while the association with colonic filling at 6h (CF6), and colonic transit [geometric center (GC) at 24h] was assessed using ancova, in each instance assuming a dominant genetic model. Key Results There was no significant association with symptom phenotype. We observed a potential association of SNP rs11554825 with overall transit: CF6 (P=0.061) and GC24 (P=0.083). The association of the SNP with CF6 in the IBS-D subgroup (P=0.017) indicated the TC/CC subgroup had an average 50% faster SBT compared with the TT subgroup. In IBS-D patients, GC24 was not significantly associated with rs11554825 (TC/CC vs TT). Conclusions & Inferences Variation in TGR5 may contribute to altered SBT and colonic transit in lower FGID. Further studies are required to characterize the potential role of BA receptor, TGR5, in the mechanism and treatment of bowel dysfunction in lower FGID.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrine and Autonomic Systems