Association between visceral adipose tissue and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis histology in patients with known or suspected non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Ilkay S. Idilman, Hsien Min Low, Tolga Gidener, Kenneth Philbrick, Taofic Mounajjed, Jiahui Li, Alina Allen, Meng Yin, Sudhakar K. Venkatesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

(1) Purpose: To determine the association between visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and proton density fat fraction (PDFF) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and hepatic steatosis (HS), non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and hepatic fibrosis (HF) in patients with known or suspected non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). (2) Methods: 135 subjects that had a liver biopsy performed within 3 months (bariatric cohort) or 1 month (NAFLD cohort) of an MRI exam formed the study group. VAT volume was quantified at L2-L3 level on opposed-phase images with signal intensity-based painting using a semi-quantitative software. Liver PDFF and pancreas PDFF were calculated on fat fraction maps. Liver volume (Lvol) and spleen volume (Svol) were also calculated using a semi-automated 3D volume tool available on PACS. A histological analysis was performed by an expert hepatopathologist blinded to imaging findings. (3) Results: The mean Lvol, Svol, liver PDFF, pancreas PDFF and VAT of the study population were 2492.2 mL, 381.6 mL, 13.2%, 12.7% and 120.6 mL, respectively. VAT showed moderate correlation with liver PDFF (r = 0.41, p < 0.001) and weak correlation with Lvol (r = 0.38, p < 0.001), Svol (r = 0.20, p = 0.025) and pancreas PDFF (rs = 0.29, p = 0.001). VAT, Lvol and liver PDFF were significantly higher in patients with HS (p < 0.001), NASH (p < 0.05) and HF (p < 0.05). VAT was also significantly higher in the presence of lobular inflammation (p = 0.019) and hepatocyte ballooning (p = 0.001). The cut-off VAT volumes for predicting HS, NASH and HF were 101.8 mL (AUC, 0.7), 111.8 mL (AUC, 0.64) and 111.6 mL (AUC, 0.66), respectively. (4) Conclusion: The MRI determined VAT can be used for predicting the presence of HS, NASH and HF in patients with known or suspected NAFLD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2565
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2 2021

Keywords

  • Hepatic fibrosis
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
  • Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
  • Subcutaneous adipose tissue
  • Visceral adipose tissue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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