Association Between Transtibial Meniscus Root Repair and Rate of Meniscal Healing and Extrusion on Postoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A Prospective Multicenter Study

Aaron J. Krych, Richard F. Nauert, Bryant M. Song, Corey S. Cook, Adam C. Johnson, Patrick A. Smith, Michael J. Stuart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Prospective studies evaluating second-look imaging of meniscus root repair using a transtibial pull-out technique are limited; therefore, optimal surgical indications and the technique for meniscus root repair remain uncertain. Hypothesis: It was hypothesized that there would be a high rate of healing, improvement in meniscal extrusion, and prevention of articular cartilage degeneration and subchondral bone abnormalities after meniscus root repair. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing transtibial root repair were prospectively enrolled at 2 orthopaedic centers between March 2017 and January 2019. Pre- and postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were reviewed by a musculoskeletal radiologist in a blinded fashion for meniscal healing, quantification of extrusion, articular cartilage grade, subchondral bone changes, and coronary/meniscotibial ligament abnormalities. Given persistent extrusion observed on postoperative MRI scans, an additional 10 patients gave consent and were enrolled for immediate (before weightbearing) postoperative MRI scans. Results: A total of 45 patients (16 male, 29 female; mean ± standard deviation age, 42.3 ± 12.9 years; body mass index, 31.6) were prospectively enrolled in the study; there were 47 meniscus root repairs: 29 medial and 18 lateral (2 with both). Postoperative MRI was obtained at an average of 6.3 months (range, 5.1-8 months); 98% of meniscal repairs had evidence of healing. Mean extrusion increased significantly, from 1.9 ± 1.5 mm preoperatively to 2.6 ± 1.4 mm postoperatively (P =.03). There was no significant progression of chondromalacia grade, subchondral edema, insufficiency fracture, subchondral cysts, or subchondral collapse. In the additional 10-patient cohort, the mean preoperative extrusion (1.6 ± 1.2 mm) was not significantly different from that immediately postoperatively (2.0 ± 1.0 mm; P =.23). Conclusion: Prospective MRI analysis of transtibial meniscus root repair confirmed a high rate of meniscal healing and no observable progression of cartilage degeneration or subchondral bone abnormalities at the short-term follow-up. However, meniscal extrusion worsened in the first 6 months after surgery. Registration: NCT03037242 (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier).

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalOrthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • meniscal extrusion
  • meniscal tear
  • meniscus
  • meniscus root
  • prospective cohort
  • transtibial pull-out repair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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