Association between prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and health-related quality of life, south carolina, 2011

Samuel Antwi, Susan E. Steck, Khosrow Heidari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: We investigated the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in various population subgroups in South Carolina and examined associations between COPD and 4 core measures of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Methods: Data from 12,851 participants of the 2011 South Carolina Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) were analyzed. COPD prevalence rates were age-adjusted to the 2000 standard US population. Logistic regression models were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (AOR's) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: The overall age-adjusted prevalence of self-reported diagnosis of COPD among community-dwelling adults in South Carolina in 2011 was 7.1% (standard error [SE] ±0.3). Prevalence of self-reported diagnosis of COPD was highest among women (8.9%; SE, ±0.5), those aged 65 years or older (12.9%; SE, ±0.5), current smokers (15.9%; SE, ±0.7), and those with low levels of education and income. Compared with community-dwelling adults without COPD, those with COPD were more likely to report fair or poor general health status (AOR, 3.97; 95% CI, 3.13-5.03), 14 or more physically unhealthy days (AOR, 2.10, 95% CI, 1.57-2.81), 14 or more mentally unhealthy days (AOR, 1.72; 95% CI, 1.21 -2.43), and 14 or more days of activity limitation (AOR, 2.22; 95% CI, 1.53-3.22) within the previous 30 days. Conclusion: COPD is a highly prevalent disease in South Carolina, especially among older people and smokers, and it is associated with poor HRQOL. Future work aimed at reducing risk factors may decrease the disease prevalence, and increasing early detection and improving access to appropriate medical treatments can improve HRQOL for those living with COPD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number130192
JournalPreventing chronic disease
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Quality of Life
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Independent Living
Logistic Models
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
Population
Health Status
Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Association between prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and health-related quality of life, south carolina, 2011. / Antwi, Samuel; Steck, Susan E.; Heidari, Khosrow.

In: Preventing chronic disease, Vol. 10, No. 12, 130192, 12.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{80fa1bde14fa4e5a9e9178455228ca0e,
title = "Association between prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and health-related quality of life, south carolina, 2011",
abstract = "Introduction: We investigated the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in various population subgroups in South Carolina and examined associations between COPD and 4 core measures of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Methods: Data from 12,851 participants of the 2011 South Carolina Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) were analyzed. COPD prevalence rates were age-adjusted to the 2000 standard US population. Logistic regression models were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (AOR's) and 95{\%} confidence intervals (CIs). Results: The overall age-adjusted prevalence of self-reported diagnosis of COPD among community-dwelling adults in South Carolina in 2011 was 7.1{\%} (standard error [SE] ±0.3). Prevalence of self-reported diagnosis of COPD was highest among women (8.9{\%}; SE, ±0.5), those aged 65 years or older (12.9{\%}; SE, ±0.5), current smokers (15.9{\%}; SE, ±0.7), and those with low levels of education and income. Compared with community-dwelling adults without COPD, those with COPD were more likely to report fair or poor general health status (AOR, 3.97; 95{\%} CI, 3.13-5.03), 14 or more physically unhealthy days (AOR, 2.10, 95{\%} CI, 1.57-2.81), 14 or more mentally unhealthy days (AOR, 1.72; 95{\%} CI, 1.21 -2.43), and 14 or more days of activity limitation (AOR, 2.22; 95{\%} CI, 1.53-3.22) within the previous 30 days. Conclusion: COPD is a highly prevalent disease in South Carolina, especially among older people and smokers, and it is associated with poor HRQOL. Future work aimed at reducing risk factors may decrease the disease prevalence, and increasing early detection and improving access to appropriate medical treatments can improve HRQOL for those living with COPD.",
author = "Samuel Antwi and Steck, {Susan E.} and Khosrow Heidari",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
doi = "10.5888/pcd10.130192",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
journal = "Preventing chronic disease",
issn = "1545-1151",
publisher = "U.S. Department of Health and Human Services",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association between prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and health-related quality of life, south carolina, 2011

AU - Antwi, Samuel

AU - Steck, Susan E.

AU - Heidari, Khosrow

PY - 2013/12

Y1 - 2013/12

N2 - Introduction: We investigated the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in various population subgroups in South Carolina and examined associations between COPD and 4 core measures of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Methods: Data from 12,851 participants of the 2011 South Carolina Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) were analyzed. COPD prevalence rates were age-adjusted to the 2000 standard US population. Logistic regression models were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (AOR's) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: The overall age-adjusted prevalence of self-reported diagnosis of COPD among community-dwelling adults in South Carolina in 2011 was 7.1% (standard error [SE] ±0.3). Prevalence of self-reported diagnosis of COPD was highest among women (8.9%; SE, ±0.5), those aged 65 years or older (12.9%; SE, ±0.5), current smokers (15.9%; SE, ±0.7), and those with low levels of education and income. Compared with community-dwelling adults without COPD, those with COPD were more likely to report fair or poor general health status (AOR, 3.97; 95% CI, 3.13-5.03), 14 or more physically unhealthy days (AOR, 2.10, 95% CI, 1.57-2.81), 14 or more mentally unhealthy days (AOR, 1.72; 95% CI, 1.21 -2.43), and 14 or more days of activity limitation (AOR, 2.22; 95% CI, 1.53-3.22) within the previous 30 days. Conclusion: COPD is a highly prevalent disease in South Carolina, especially among older people and smokers, and it is associated with poor HRQOL. Future work aimed at reducing risk factors may decrease the disease prevalence, and increasing early detection and improving access to appropriate medical treatments can improve HRQOL for those living with COPD.

AB - Introduction: We investigated the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in various population subgroups in South Carolina and examined associations between COPD and 4 core measures of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Methods: Data from 12,851 participants of the 2011 South Carolina Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) were analyzed. COPD prevalence rates were age-adjusted to the 2000 standard US population. Logistic regression models were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (AOR's) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: The overall age-adjusted prevalence of self-reported diagnosis of COPD among community-dwelling adults in South Carolina in 2011 was 7.1% (standard error [SE] ±0.3). Prevalence of self-reported diagnosis of COPD was highest among women (8.9%; SE, ±0.5), those aged 65 years or older (12.9%; SE, ±0.5), current smokers (15.9%; SE, ±0.7), and those with low levels of education and income. Compared with community-dwelling adults without COPD, those with COPD were more likely to report fair or poor general health status (AOR, 3.97; 95% CI, 3.13-5.03), 14 or more physically unhealthy days (AOR, 2.10, 95% CI, 1.57-2.81), 14 or more mentally unhealthy days (AOR, 1.72; 95% CI, 1.21 -2.43), and 14 or more days of activity limitation (AOR, 2.22; 95% CI, 1.53-3.22) within the previous 30 days. Conclusion: COPD is a highly prevalent disease in South Carolina, especially among older people and smokers, and it is associated with poor HRQOL. Future work aimed at reducing risk factors may decrease the disease prevalence, and increasing early detection and improving access to appropriate medical treatments can improve HRQOL for those living with COPD.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84891348064&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84891348064&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5888/pcd10.130192

DO - 10.5888/pcd10.130192

M3 - Article

C2 - 24370110

AN - SCOPUS:84891348064

VL - 10

JO - Preventing chronic disease

JF - Preventing chronic disease

SN - 1545-1151

IS - 12

M1 - 130192

ER -