Objectives: The purpose of this study is to retrospectively evaluate the presence of screening digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) correlates for suspicious lesions detected on pre-operative staging magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer. Methods: After approval from the institutional review board (IRB), screening DBTs on breast cancer patients with BI-RADS 4 or 5 staging MRI exams between 8/1/17 and 8/1/18 were assessed for presence of DBT correlates for suspicious MRI findings. The pathology of the index lesion, type of additional MRI finding (mass, non-mass enhancement, or focus), correlative finding on tomosynthesis (mass, asymmetry/focal asymmetry, distortion, or calcifications), size on MRI and tomosynthesis, breast density, and pathology of the additional lesion were recorded. The chi-square test of association was used unless otherwise specified. Confidence intervals for proportions were estimated using the Wilson's score method. Results: 17/70 (24%) of additional lesions seen on pre-operative MRI exams in patients with newly diagnosed cancer had a mammographic correlate on corresponding screening DBT. There was no significant relationship between the presence of a mammographic correlate and the type of MRI finding (mass, NME, or focus), breast density, size of lesion, pathology of index cancer, or pathology of the additional lesion (p≥ 0.05). Conclusions: 76% of additional lesions seen on pre-operative staging MRI in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer are not seen retrospectively on screening DBT. Since about 24% of MRI-detected additional lesions may have a DBT correlate, DBT exams should be reviewed in patients recalled for further workup of findings seen on pre-operative MRI since this may facilitate DBT-guided biopsy of suspicious lesions, which is preferable to MRI-guided biopsy for cost and patient comfort reasons.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging