A subunit vaccine for Plasmodium falciparum malaria will need to contain well-defined T helper cell epitopes that induce protective immune responses to the parasite. One major barrier to the use of subunit vaccines is the requirement for T helper cell epitopes to be presented by the HLA class II molecules that are present in the population being vaccinated. Since the majority of malaria studies have focused on HLA-DR, little information on the role of HLA-DQ in the binding and immune response to malarial epitopes is available. This study used an in vitro peptide-binding assay to predict the extent of HLA-DQ binding of four conserved T helper cell epitopes identified from asexual-stage malaria vaccine candidate antigens. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed human B-cell lines expressing 14 different DQ molecules (DQ2.1, -2.2, -4.1, -4.2, -5.1 to -5.3, -6.1, -6.2, -6.4, -7.1, -7.3, -8, and -9) representing all broad serological specificities, including common DQ molecules present in populations in areas where malaria is endemic, were used in the binding assay. Moreover, an HLA-DQ transgenic mouse model was employed to evaluate the correlation between the in vitro DQ binding of the peptides and the generation of in vivo immune responses following peptide immunization. This study identified two broad DQ-binding peptides, ABRA14 and SERA9. ABRA14 also induced T-cell proliferation and Th1-associated cytokine production in DQ8+ transgenic mice. The combination of peptide binding to EBV-transformed cell lines and DQ transgenic mice provides a method for identifying additional T-cell epitopes for inclusion in a vaccine.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases