Objective: The purpose of this study is to assess the use of cross-sectional imaging to qualitatively and quantitatively categorize trochlear dysplasia as low grade (type A) or high grade (types B-D) according to the Dejour classification. Materials And Methods: A retrospective review of CT and MRI knee examinations performed before patients underwent deepening trochleoplasty was independently conducted by two musculoskeletal radiologists. Each case of trochlear dysplasia was qualitatively assigned a Dejour type. Subsequently, quantitative measurements of the sulcus angle, distance from the tibial tubercle to the trochlear groove, trochlear depth, lateral trochlear inclination, trochlear facet asymmetry, and degree of patellar lateralization were performed. Results: A total of 35 patients (29 female patients and six male patients; mean age, 21.1 years) with 39 affected knees (17 right knees and 22 left knees) were included. Readers had exact qualitative agreement using Dejour classification for 30 of 39 knees (77% [ê = 0.77; 95% CI, 0.62-0.91]) and agreement on classification of low-grade versus high-grade dysplasia for 36 of 39 knees (92%). For these 36 knees, the mean differences in measurements of low- versus highgrade dysplasia, respectively, were as follows: for sulcus angle, 153° versus 168° (p < 0.001); for trochlear depth, 4 versus 1 mm (p < 0.001); for lateral trochlear inclination, 12 versus 7 mm (p < 0.02); and for decreased trochlear facet asymmetry, 13% versus 92% (p < 0.001). Trochlear depth, lateral trochlear inclination, and trochlear facet asymmetry were also different in comparisons of knees with Dejour type B and C trochlear dysplasia versus those with Dejour types B and D (all p < 0.05). No quantitative measurement differentiated between trochlear dysplasia of Dejour types C and D. The distance from the tibial tubercle to the trochlear groove and the degree of patellar lateralization were not statistically different between low- and high-grade dysplasia. Conclusion: Qualitative use of the Dejour classification accurately categorizes trochlear dysplasia as low grade or high grade in 92% of cases, with exact agreement reached in 77% of cases. Furthermore, the trochlear depth, lateral trochlear inclination, trochlear facet asymmetry, and sulcus angle can differentiate between low-grade and high-grade dysplasia, with trochlear depth, lateral trochlear inclination, and trochlear facet asymmetry useful for differentiating between Dejour types B and C and Dejour types B and D.
- Joint instability
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging