Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, statins and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma

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Abstract

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and statin drugs may protect against the development of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), but data are limited, particularly for NHL subtypes. Furthermore, some in vitro, animal and epidemiologic data suggest there may be a synergistic effect of these two agents, but there has been no test of this hypothesis in NHL. We evaluated the self-reported use of NSAIDs and statins in a clinic-based study of 1703 NHL patients and 2199 frequency-matched controls. Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), adjusted for potential confounding variables. We observed an inverse association of regular use of low-dose aspirin with risk of NHL (OR = 0.82; 95% CI 0.70-0.96) that was stronger with longer duration of use (P <.01). There were no associations for use of regular or extra-strength aspirin, ibuprofen, other NSAIDs, statins or other cholesterol-lowering drugs with NHL risk, while an inverse association with COX-2 inhibitors was equivocal. There was also no interaction of low-dose aspirin and statins on NHL risk. Inverse associations of similar magnitude to all NHL were observed for regular use of low-dose aspirin with diffuse large B-cell, follicular, marginal zone and all other lymphomas, although not all associations were statistically significant. In conclusion, low-dose aspirin but not regular/extra strength aspirin, other NSAIDs or statin use was associated with lower risk of NHL. Beyond the potential for the primary prevention of NHL, these data also point to a role of anti-platelet or other effects of low-dose aspirin in lymphomagenesis that warrant follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • aspirin
  • non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • prevention
  • statins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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