AS30D model of hepatocellular carcinoma: Tumorigenicity and preliminary characterization by imaging, histopathology, and immunohistochemistry

Scott M. Thompson, Matthew R Callstrom, Bruce Knudsen, Jill L. Anderson, Kim A. Butters, Joseph Peter Grande, Lewis Rowland Roberts, David A Woodrum

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Abstract

Purpose: This study was designed to determine the tumorigenicity of the AS30D HCC cell line following orthotopic injection into rat liver and preliminarily characterize the tumor model by both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound (US) as well as histopathology and immunohistochemistry. Materials: AS30D cell line in vitro proliferation was assessed by using MTT assay. Female rats (N = 5) underwent injection of the AS30D cell line into one site in the liver. Rats subsequently underwent MR imaging at days 7 and 14 to assess tumor establishment and volume. One rat underwent US of the liver at day 7. Rats were euthanized at day 7 or 14 and livers were subjected to gross, histopathologic (H&E), and immunohistochemical (CD31) analysis to assess for tumor growth and neovascularization. Results: AS30D cell line demonstrated an in vitro doubling time of 33.2 ± 5.3 h. MR imaging demonstrated hyperintense T2-weighted and hypointense T1-weighted lesions with tumor induction in five of five and three of three sites at days 7 and 14, respectively. The mean (SD) tumor volume was 126.1 ± 36.2 mm3 at day 7 (N = 5). US of the liver demonstrated a well-circumscribed, hypoechoic mass and comparison of tumor dimensions agreed well with MRI. Analysis of H&E- and CD31-stained sections demonstrated moderate-high grade epithelial tumors with minimal tumor necrosis and evidence of diffuse intratumoral and peritumoral neovascularization by day 7. Conclusions: AS30D HCC cell line is tumorigenic following orthotopic injection into rat liver and can be used to generate an early vascularizing, slower-growing rat HCC tumor model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-203
Number of pages6
JournalCardioVascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013

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Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Immunohistochemistry
Liver
Cell Line
Neoplasms
Tumor Burden
Injections
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Necrosis
Growth

Keywords

  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Rat model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

@article{85912f98de4a4f90ac292a8d7e20711b,
title = "AS30D model of hepatocellular carcinoma: Tumorigenicity and preliminary characterization by imaging, histopathology, and immunohistochemistry",
abstract = "Purpose: This study was designed to determine the tumorigenicity of the AS30D HCC cell line following orthotopic injection into rat liver and preliminarily characterize the tumor model by both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound (US) as well as histopathology and immunohistochemistry. Materials: AS30D cell line in vitro proliferation was assessed by using MTT assay. Female rats (N = 5) underwent injection of the AS30D cell line into one site in the liver. Rats subsequently underwent MR imaging at days 7 and 14 to assess tumor establishment and volume. One rat underwent US of the liver at day 7. Rats were euthanized at day 7 or 14 and livers were subjected to gross, histopathologic (H&E), and immunohistochemical (CD31) analysis to assess for tumor growth and neovascularization. Results: AS30D cell line demonstrated an in vitro doubling time of 33.2 ± 5.3 h. MR imaging demonstrated hyperintense T2-weighted and hypointense T1-weighted lesions with tumor induction in five of five and three of three sites at days 7 and 14, respectively. The mean (SD) tumor volume was 126.1 ± 36.2 mm3 at day 7 (N = 5). US of the liver demonstrated a well-circumscribed, hypoechoic mass and comparison of tumor dimensions agreed well with MRI. Analysis of H&E- and CD31-stained sections demonstrated moderate-high grade epithelial tumors with minimal tumor necrosis and evidence of diffuse intratumoral and peritumoral neovascularization by day 7. Conclusions: AS30D HCC cell line is tumorigenic following orthotopic injection into rat liver and can be used to generate an early vascularizing, slower-growing rat HCC tumor model.",
keywords = "Hepatocellular carcinoma, Magnetic resonance imaging, Rat model",
author = "Thompson, {Scott M.} and Callstrom, {Matthew R} and Bruce Knudsen and Anderson, {Jill L.} and Butters, {Kim A.} and Grande, {Joseph Peter} and Roberts, {Lewis Rowland} and Woodrum, {David A}",
year = "2013",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1007/s00270-012-0466-1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "36",
pages = "198--203",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - AS30D model of hepatocellular carcinoma

T2 - Tumorigenicity and preliminary characterization by imaging, histopathology, and immunohistochemistry

AU - Thompson, Scott M.

AU - Callstrom, Matthew R

AU - Knudsen, Bruce

AU - Anderson, Jill L.

AU - Butters, Kim A.

AU - Grande, Joseph Peter

AU - Roberts, Lewis Rowland

AU - Woodrum, David A

PY - 2013/2

Y1 - 2013/2

N2 - Purpose: This study was designed to determine the tumorigenicity of the AS30D HCC cell line following orthotopic injection into rat liver and preliminarily characterize the tumor model by both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound (US) as well as histopathology and immunohistochemistry. Materials: AS30D cell line in vitro proliferation was assessed by using MTT assay. Female rats (N = 5) underwent injection of the AS30D cell line into one site in the liver. Rats subsequently underwent MR imaging at days 7 and 14 to assess tumor establishment and volume. One rat underwent US of the liver at day 7. Rats were euthanized at day 7 or 14 and livers were subjected to gross, histopathologic (H&E), and immunohistochemical (CD31) analysis to assess for tumor growth and neovascularization. Results: AS30D cell line demonstrated an in vitro doubling time of 33.2 ± 5.3 h. MR imaging demonstrated hyperintense T2-weighted and hypointense T1-weighted lesions with tumor induction in five of five and three of three sites at days 7 and 14, respectively. The mean (SD) tumor volume was 126.1 ± 36.2 mm3 at day 7 (N = 5). US of the liver demonstrated a well-circumscribed, hypoechoic mass and comparison of tumor dimensions agreed well with MRI. Analysis of H&E- and CD31-stained sections demonstrated moderate-high grade epithelial tumors with minimal tumor necrosis and evidence of diffuse intratumoral and peritumoral neovascularization by day 7. Conclusions: AS30D HCC cell line is tumorigenic following orthotopic injection into rat liver and can be used to generate an early vascularizing, slower-growing rat HCC tumor model.

AB - Purpose: This study was designed to determine the tumorigenicity of the AS30D HCC cell line following orthotopic injection into rat liver and preliminarily characterize the tumor model by both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound (US) as well as histopathology and immunohistochemistry. Materials: AS30D cell line in vitro proliferation was assessed by using MTT assay. Female rats (N = 5) underwent injection of the AS30D cell line into one site in the liver. Rats subsequently underwent MR imaging at days 7 and 14 to assess tumor establishment and volume. One rat underwent US of the liver at day 7. Rats were euthanized at day 7 or 14 and livers were subjected to gross, histopathologic (H&E), and immunohistochemical (CD31) analysis to assess for tumor growth and neovascularization. Results: AS30D cell line demonstrated an in vitro doubling time of 33.2 ± 5.3 h. MR imaging demonstrated hyperintense T2-weighted and hypointense T1-weighted lesions with tumor induction in five of five and three of three sites at days 7 and 14, respectively. The mean (SD) tumor volume was 126.1 ± 36.2 mm3 at day 7 (N = 5). US of the liver demonstrated a well-circumscribed, hypoechoic mass and comparison of tumor dimensions agreed well with MRI. Analysis of H&E- and CD31-stained sections demonstrated moderate-high grade epithelial tumors with minimal tumor necrosis and evidence of diffuse intratumoral and peritumoral neovascularization by day 7. Conclusions: AS30D HCC cell line is tumorigenic following orthotopic injection into rat liver and can be used to generate an early vascularizing, slower-growing rat HCC tumor model.

KW - Hepatocellular carcinoma

KW - Magnetic resonance imaging

KW - Rat model

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