Artificial Intelligence in Precision Cardiovascular Medicine

Chayakrit Krittanawong, Hong Ju Zhang, Zhen Wang, Mehmet Aydar, Takeshi Kitai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

121 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a field of computer science that aims to mimic human thought processes, learning capacity, and knowledge storage. AI techniques have been applied in cardiovascular medicine to explore novel genotypes and phenotypes in existing diseases, improve the quality of patient care, enable cost-effectiveness, and reduce readmission and mortality rates. Over the past decade, several machine-learning techniques have been used for cardiovascular disease diagnosis and prediction. Each problem requires some degree of understanding of the problem, in terms of cardiovascular medicine and statistics, to apply the optimal machine-learning algorithm. In the near future, AI will result in a paradigm shift toward precision cardiovascular medicine. The potential of AI in cardiovascular medicine is tremendous; however, ignorance of the challenges may overshadow its potential clinical impact. This paper gives a glimpse of AI's application in cardiovascular clinical care and discusses its potential role in facilitating precision cardiovascular medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2657-2664
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume69
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - May 30 2017

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Artificial Intelligence
Medicine
Precision Medicine
Quality of Health Care
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Patient Care
Cardiovascular Diseases
Genotype
Learning
Phenotype
Mortality
Machine Learning

Keywords

  • big data
  • cognitive computing
  • deep learning
  • machine learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Artificial Intelligence in Precision Cardiovascular Medicine. / Krittanawong, Chayakrit; Zhang, Hong Ju; Wang, Zhen; Aydar, Mehmet; Kitai, Takeshi.

In: Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Vol. 69, No. 21, 30.05.2017, p. 2657-2664.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Krittanawong, Chayakrit ; Zhang, Hong Ju ; Wang, Zhen ; Aydar, Mehmet ; Kitai, Takeshi. / Artificial Intelligence in Precision Cardiovascular Medicine. In: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2017 ; Vol. 69, No. 21. pp. 2657-2664.
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