Arthritis susceptibility and the gut microbiome

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease with unknown etiology though both genetic and environmental factors have been suggested to be involved in its pathogenesis. While infections and other environmental factors (e.g. smoking) have been studied extensively and show some association, a direct link between all the factors has been difficult to prove. With the recent advances in technology, it has become possible to sequence the commensals that are residing in our gut. The gut microbiome may provide the missing link to this puzzle and help solve the mystery of many leaky gut syndromes. The gut commensals are involved in maintaining host immune homeostasis and function suggesting that they might be critical in altering the immune system, which leads to autoimmune diseases like RA. Mouse models support the role of the gut microbiota in predisposition to RA. If that is true, the power of gut-derived commensal can be harnessed to our benefit by generating a biomarker profile along with genetic factors to define individuals at risk and by altering the gut microbial composition using various means.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4244-4249
Number of pages6
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume588
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 17 2014

Keywords

  • Collagen-induced arthritis
  • Gut microbiome
  • Humanized mice
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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