Arteriovenous Malformations (AVM), Surgical Treatment of

H. H. Batjer, Bernard Bendok, T. Y. El Ahmadieh, S. G. Aoun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are congenital vascular lesions composed of an abnormal tangle of blood vessels that can grow over time carrying significant morbidity and mortality. The natural course of these lesions is usually unpredictable and can be influenced by many factors. AVMs commonly become symptomatic with hemorrhage. Current practice emphasizes the importance of a case-by-case and multimodal approach to the treatment of these lesions. When possible, surgery remains the treatment of choice for many lesions. Staged embolization preceding surgery can be greatly beneficial. Embolization for cure is only possible in a minority of cases. Radiosurgery is primarily used for surgically inaccessible lesions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages281-284
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9780123851574
ISBN (Print)9780123851581
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Arteriovenous malformation
  • Clinical presentation
  • Decision making
  • Embolization
  • Hemorrhage
  • Intracranial
  • Intraspinal
  • Natural history
  • Pathogenesis
  • Radiosurgery
  • Seizures
  • Surgery
  • Vascular malformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Batjer, H. H., Bendok, B., El Ahmadieh, T. Y., & Aoun, S. G. (2014). Arteriovenous Malformations (AVM), Surgical Treatment of. In Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences (pp. 281-284). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-385157-4.00715-6