Background: The extent and nature of unfavorable geometric remodeling, especially related to the adventitia, has not been studied previously. The purpose of this study was to examine two methods of experimental arterial injury, characterize the extent of remodeling, and determine if remodeling is injury-specific. Methods: Two methods for producing coronary stenoses in pigs were used: heat injury using thermal balloon angioplasty (resulting in adventitial fibrosis), and copper stent implantation (resulting in intense inflammation). Histomorphometric parameters included changes in neointimal thickness (delta neointima) from uninjured to injured sections, and differences in area circumscribed by the internal and external elastic laminas (delta internal elastic lamina area and delta external elastic lamina area, respectively). Remodeling was calculated for each lesion as the enlargement of the external elastic lamina area or internal elastic lamina area for incremental neointimal thickening, expressed as the slopes delta external elastic lamina area/delta neointima and delta internal elastic lamina area/delta neointima. Results: Remodeling indices for the heat lesions were negative (delta internal elastic lamina area/delta neointima = -0.15, delta external elastic lamina area/delta neointima = -0.64) and indicated little remodeling in contrast to copper stent injury (delta internal elastic lamina area/delta neointima = 0.95, delta external elastic lamina area/delta neointima = 1.20). Conclusions: Remodeling in fibrotic compared to inflammatory lesions differs markedly, and may explain increased restenosis rates observed in thermal balloon angioplasty in patients. This formulation may be useful to study remodeling and restenosis following other interventional technologies.
- adventitial injury
- arterial remodeling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine