The key functional molecules involved in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and IBD-induced colorectal tumorigenesis remain unclear. In this study, we found that the apoptosis repressor with caspase recruitment domain (ARC) protein plays critical roles in IBD. ARC-deficient mice exhibited substantially higher susceptibility to dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced IBD compared with wild-type mice. The inflammatory burden induced in ARC-deficient conditions was inversely correlated with CCL5 and CXCL5 levels in immune cells, especially CD4-positive T cells. Pathologically, ARC expression in immune cells was significantly decreased in clinical biopsy specimens from patients with IBD compared with normal subjects. In addition, ARC levels inversely correlated with CCL5 and CXCL5 levels in human biopsy specimens. ARC interacted with TNF receptor associated factor (TRAF) 6, regulating ubiquitination of TRAF6, which was associated with NF-kB signaling. Importantly, we identified a novel ubiquitination site at lysine 461, which was critical in the function of ARC in IBD. ARC played a critical role in IBD and IBD-associated colon cancer in a bone marrow transplantation model and azoxymethane/ DSS-induced colitis cancer mouse models. Overall, these findings reveal that ARC is critically involved in the maintenance of intestinal homeostasis and protection against IBD through its ubiquitination of TRAF6 and subsequent modulation of NF-kB activation in T cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research