Approach and Avoidance Motivations Predict Psychological Well-Being and Affectivity of Volunteers at the Innsbruck 2008 Winter Special Olympics

Martin Kumnig, Martin Schnitzer, Thomas N. Beck, Horst Mitmansgruber, Sheila G. Jowsey, Martin Kopp, Gerhard Rumpold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study aimed to explore underlying motivational factors of volunteerism at a special sporting event for persons with intellectual disabilities. The volunteer survey (n = 252) assessed sociodemographic characteristics, motives, satisfaction with life, psychological well-being, and affectivity of mainly intrinsically motivated volunteers versus traineeship attendees, doing a compulsory traineeship on occasion of the Innsbruck 2008 Winter Special Olympics. There was no significant variability in the motivation to volunteer scale (MVS) score between the groups. The inventory of approach and avoidance motivation (IAAM) data showed that primarily intrinsically motivated volunteers experienced higher self-gratification through their voluntary engagement. Regression analysis revealed that psychological well-being, satisfaction with life, and positive and negative affectivity was predicted by the IAAM and MVS. Individuals’ personal motives for volunteering appear to correlate with psychological well-being and affectivity and may influence prospective participation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4
Pages (from-to)801-822
Number of pages22
JournalVoluntas
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 22 2015

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Keywords

  • Altruism
  • Assistance (social behavior)
  • Emotion regulation
  • Motivation
  • Personality
  • Prosocial behavior
  • Psychological well-being
  • Volunteers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Kumnig, M., Schnitzer, M., Beck, T. N., Mitmansgruber, H., Jowsey, S. G., Kopp, M., & Rumpold, G. (2015). Approach and Avoidance Motivations Predict Psychological Well-Being and Affectivity of Volunteers at the Innsbruck 2008 Winter Special Olympics. Voluntas, 26(3), 801-822. [4]. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11266-014-9462-1