Appraising the Instantaneous Secretory Rates of Luteinizing Hormone and Testosterone in Response to Selective Mu Opiate Receptor Blockade in Late Pubertal Boys

NELLY MAURAS, ALAN D. ROGOL, JOHANNES D. VELDHUIS

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pulsatile properties of gonadotropin and testosterone release were examined before and after chronic mu opiate receptor blockade with naltrexone, 50 mg every other day, in four normal boys in late puberty (ages 14 8/12 to 15 1/12 years). The nature of spontaneous secretory events was appraised for immunoactive LH and testosterone in blood withdrawn every 20 minutes for 24 hours, using a novel, discrete deconvolution algorithm to estimate apparent instantaneous secretory rates. The application of this methodology revealed that the frequency of discrete LH instantaneous secretory rates increased after mu opiate receptor blockade (P = 0.011). More strikingly, all parameters of testosterone secretory events responded significantly to mu opiate receptor blockade, including increases in mean estimated secretory rate (+ 47%, P = 0.02), testosterone pulse frequency (+ 64%, P < 0.001) and amplitude (+ 20%, P = 0.027). Correspondingly, decreases in testosterone interpulse secretory intervals (‐ 35%, P = 0.001), secretory pulse duration (‐ 19%, P = 0.042) and interpulse valley duration (‐ 35%, P = 0.006) also were noted. There was a prominent diurnal rhythm in testosterone secretion with maximal values in the morning and late evening, and marked reductions in the afternoon, sometimes to prepubertal levels. This variation in the testosterone secretory profile paralleled that of LH. In response to naltrexone, the FSH concentration series showed a significant increase in the mean FSH concentration (+ 18%) P = 0.003) and mean peak amplitude (+ 15%, P = 0.002). These data provide indirect evidence of functional coupling of the opiate system with the hypothalamic GnRH pulse generator. The marked increase in LH and testosterone secretory activity (as measured by the instantaneous secretory rate) after opiate receptor blockade suggests an integral interaction between the endogenous opiate system and the hypothalamic‐pituitary gonadal axis during the later stages of puberty in males. 1987 American Society of Andrology

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-209
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Andrology
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1987

Keywords

  • LH
  • instantaneous secretory rate
  • opiate blockade
  • puberty
  • testosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Endocrinology
  • Urology

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