Applying a new computer-aided detection scheme generated imaging marker to predict short-term breast cancer risk

Seyedehnafiseh Mirniaharikandehei, Alan B. Hollingsworth, Bhavika Patel, Morteza Heidari, Hong Liu, Bin Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the feasibility of identifying a new quantitative imaging marker based on false-positives generated by a computer-aided detection (CAD) scheme to help predict short-term breast cancer risk. An image dataset including four view mammograms acquired from 1044 women was retrospectively assembled. All mammograms were originally interpreted as negative by radiologists. In the next subsequent mammography screening, 402 women were diagnosed with breast cancer and 642 remained negative. An existing CAD scheme was applied 'as is' to process each image. From CAD-generated results, four detection features including the total number of (1) initial detection seeds and (2) the final detected false-positive regions, (3) average and (4) sum of detection scores, were computed from each image. Then, by combining the features computed from two bilateral images of left and right breasts from either craniocaudal or mediolateral oblique view, two logistic regression models were trained and tested using a leave-one-case-out cross-validation method to predict the likelihood of each testing case being positive in the next subsequent screening. The new prediction model yielded the maximum prediction accuracy with an area under a ROC curve of AUC = 0.65 ± 0.017 and the maximum adjusted odds ratio of 4.49 with a 95% confidence interval of (2.95, 6.83). The results also showed an increasing trend in the adjusted odds ratio and risk prediction scores (p < 0.01). Thus, this study demonstrated that CAD-generated false-positives might include valuable information, which needs to be further explored for identifying and/or developing more effective imaging markers for predicting short-term breast cancer risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105005
JournalPhysics in medicine and biology
Volume63
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2018

Keywords

  • breast cancer screening
  • computer-aided detection (CAD)
  • false-positive detection
  • mammography screening
  • prediction of short-term cancer risk
  • quantitative imaging marker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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