Apoptosis and morphologic changes in drug-treated trabecular meshwork cells in vitro

Santiago Antonio B Sibayan, Mark A. Latina, Margaret E. Sherwood, Thomas J Flotte, Kristin White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using an in vitro culture system, we investigated whether bovine trabecular meshwork cells undergo apoptosis (programmed cell death) following exposure to anti-glaucoma medications (timolol, pilocarpine and epinephrine) and known inducers of apoptosis (5-fluorouracil, mitomycin-C and dexamethasone). Third to fifth passage bovine trabecular meshwork cells were grown to confluence and incubated for 1-12 days in growth media with timolol (1-1000 μM), pilocarpine (15-15000 μM), epinephrine (5-5000 μM), 5- fluorouracil (10-100 μg ml-1), mitomycin-C (0.01-100 μg ml-1) and dexamethasone (0.01-100 μM). The cultures were evaluated for apoptosis by phase-contrast microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and in situ apoptosis labeling. 5-Fluorouracil (10-100 μg ml-1), mitomycin-C (0.1-100 μg ml-1) and epinephrine (500-5000 μM) induced apoptosis in a dose and time-dependent manner. Timolol, pilocarpine, and dexamethasone-treated specimens did not show evidence of apoptosis at any of the concentrations tested. Trabecular meshwork cells incubated in timolol (100-1000 μM) developed cytoplasmic granules, and specimens treated with pilocarpine (15000 μM) developed cytoplasmic vacuoles. These granules and vacuoles have the appearance of secondary lysosomes. Dexamethasone-treated cells developed an increased number of mitochondria. This study suggests that the trabecular meshwork may undergo apoptosis following exposure to 5-fluorouracil, mitomycin-C and epinephrine. Timolol, pilocarpine and dexamethasone did not induce apoptosis. However, these drugs can incite characteristic morphologic changes in cultured trabecular meshwork cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)521-529
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental Eye Research
Volume66
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Trabecular Meshwork
Timolol
Pilocarpine
Apoptosis
Dexamethasone
Mitomycin
Fluorouracil
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Epinephrine
Vacuoles
Cytoplasmic Granules
Phase-Contrast Microscopy
In Vitro Techniques
Lysosomes
Transmission Electron Microscopy
Glaucoma
Mitochondria
Cell Death

Keywords

  • 5-fluorouracil
  • Apoptosis
  • Dexamethasone
  • Epinephrine
  • Mitomycin- C
  • Pilocarpine
  • Timolol
  • Trabecular meshwork

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

Cite this

Apoptosis and morphologic changes in drug-treated trabecular meshwork cells in vitro. / Sibayan, Santiago Antonio B; Latina, Mark A.; Sherwood, Margaret E.; Flotte, Thomas J; White, Kristin.

In: Experimental Eye Research, Vol. 66, No. 5, 05.1998, p. 521-529.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sibayan, Santiago Antonio B ; Latina, Mark A. ; Sherwood, Margaret E. ; Flotte, Thomas J ; White, Kristin. / Apoptosis and morphologic changes in drug-treated trabecular meshwork cells in vitro. In: Experimental Eye Research. 1998 ; Vol. 66, No. 5. pp. 521-529.
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