Apical ballooning syndrome precipitated by hyponatremia

Omar Abouezzeddine, Abhiram Prasad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Apical Ballooning Syndrome is a transient cardiomyopathy that mimics an acute myocardial infarction. It is predominantly seen in postmenopausal women and is often triggered by an emotional or physical stressful event. The pathophysiology remains to be established, but a surge in catecholamines may be an important factor. It is important for physicians to be familiar with the diagnostic criteria and typical triggers for the cardiomyopathy in order to make the diagnosis. The list of potential triggers continues to grow as the condition gains increasing recognition. We present two unique cases of ABS that were triggered by hyponatremia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e26-e29
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 5 2010


  • Apical ballooning syndrome
  • Hyponatremia
  • Takotsubo cardiomyopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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