Aortic Valve Surgery in Nonelderly Patients: Insights Gained From AVIATOR

Aortic Valve Repair Research Network Investigators from the Heart Valve Society, Collaborators

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Aortic valve surgery in non-elderly patients represents a very challenging patient population. The younger the patient is at the point of aortic valve intervention, the longer their anticipated life expectancy will be, with longer exposure to valve-related complications and risk for re-operation. Although the latest international guidelines recommend aortic valve repair in patients with aortic valve insufficiency, what we see in the real world is that the vast majority of these aortic valves are replaced. However, current prosthetic valves has now been shown to lead to significant loss of life expectancy for non-elderly patients up to 50% for patients in their 40s undergoing mechanical aortic valve replacement. Bioprostheses carry an even worse long-term survival, with higher rates of re-intervention. The promise of trans-catheter valve-in-valve technology is accentuating the trend of bioprosthetic implantation in younger patients, without yet the appropriate evidence. In contrast, aortic valve repair has shown excellent outcomes in terms of quality of life, freedom from re-operation and freedom from major adverse valve-related events with similar life expectancy to general population as it is also found for the Ross procedure, the only available living valve substitute. We are at a time when the paradigm of aortic valve surgery needs to change for the better. To better serve our patients, we must acquire high quality real-world evidence from multiple centers globally – this is the vision of the AVIATOR registry and our common responsibility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)643-649
Number of pages7
JournalSeminars in thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Aortic valve surgery
  • AVIATOR
  • Nonelderly patients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Aortic Valve Repair Research Network Investigators from the Heart Valve Society, Collaborators (2019). Aortic Valve Surgery in Nonelderly Patients: Insights Gained From AVIATOR. Seminars in thoracic and cardiovascular surgery, 31(4), 643-649. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.semtcvs.2019.05.033