We studied the effect of ischemia and reperfusion on blood flow, electrophysiology, and the blood-nerve barrier of the sciatic nerve of the rat. Ischemia for 10 to 60 min, with up to 3 h of reperfusion, was produced by closure and then release of a noose around the abdominal aorta. Nerve blood flow and function were measured serially using microelectrode-hydrogen polarography and electrophysiologic recordings, respectively. The integrity of the blood-nerve barrier was assessed using the permeability surface area product to [14C]sucrose. Ischemia of up to 30 min did not impair reperfusion. One hour of ischemia resulted in reperfusion abnormalities that affected about half of the nerves. The ischemic and reperfusion stresses did not disrupt the blood-nerve barrier to [14C]sucrose nor produce conduction block. Possible mechanisms for this resistance to ischemic and reperfusion injury are discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Neuroscience