In the World Health Organization’s Global Burden of Disease Study (1), alcohol use disorders (abuse and dependence) ranked fifth in the undeveloped world and second in the developed world (ages 15-44 years) in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs); this measure is a composite of time lost because of premature mortality and time lived with a disability. In the United States alone, approximately 18 million people, or 7% of the population, suffer from alcohol abuse or dependence. The direct and indirect economic burden ascribed to alcohol use is estimated to be $185 billion (2). Clearly, more effective prevention and treatment of this major public health problem is needed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)