Anticipation in a family with primary familial brain calcification caused by an SLC20A2 variant

Takuya Konno, Patrick R. Blackburn, Todd Rozen, Jay A Van Gerpen, Owen A Ross, Paldeep S. Atwal, Zbigniew K Wszolek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim of the study: To describe a family with primary familial brain calcification (PFBC) due to SLC20A2 variant showing possible genetic anticipation. Materials and methods: We conducted historical, genealogical, clinical, and radiologic studies of a family with PFBC. Clinical evaluations including neurological examination and head computed tomography (CT) scans of a proband and her father were performed. They provided additional information regarding other family members. To identify a causative gene variant, we performed whole-exome sequencing for the proband followed by segregation analysis in other affected members using direct sequencing. Results: In this family, nine affected members were identified over four generations. The proband suffered from chronic daily headache including thunderclap headache. We identified an SLC20A2 (c.509delT, p.(Leu170*)) variant in three affected members over three generations. Interestingly, the age of onset became younger as the disease passed through successive generations, suggestive of genetic anticipation. Conclusions and clinical implications: For clinical purpose, it is important to consider thunderclap headache and genetic anticipation in PFBC caused by SLC20A2 variants. Further investigation is required to validate our observation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNeurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Anticipation
  • Idiopathic basal ganglia calcification
  • Primary familial brain calcification
  • SLC20A2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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