Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) are a novel class of therapeutic agents incorporating both target-specific monoclonal antibodies and cytotoxic small molecules via a chemical linker. They were first introduced into the clinic for the treatment of advanced hematologic malignancies. The only approved ADC for solid tumors targets erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase (HER2), a validated antigen in breast cancer. Many ADCs are under active investigation for various types of solid tumors. In this article, we review the literature from several perspectives including the design, pharmacology, and mechanism-based toxicities of antibody-drug conjugates. We then discuss ADCs currently in clinical development for thoracic malignancies.
- Thoracic malignancies
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine