Anterolateral papillary muscle rupture: An unusual complication of septic coronary embolism

Mohammad Q. Najib, Howard R. Lee, Patrick A. Devaleria, Karyne L. Vinales, Phani Surapaneni, Hari P Chaliki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In most cases, acute mitral valve regurgitation in the setting of infective endocarditis is caused by the destruction of either the mitral valve leaflets or the chordal apparatus. A 54-year-old woman had development of respiratory failure due to pulmonary oedema from severe acute mitral valve regurgitation in the setting of acute bacterial endocarditis. She was found to have a ruptured anterolateral papillary muscle from occlusion of the circumflex artery by embolic vegetations arising from the aortic valve. Although this occurrence is uncommon, an embolic phenomenon resulting in myocardial infarction and subsequent rupture of papillary muscle must be considered as a cause of acute severe mitral valve regurgitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEuropean Journal of Echocardiography
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011

Fingerprint

Papillary Muscles
Mitral Valve Insufficiency
Embolism
Rupture
Bacterial Endocarditis
Pulmonary Edema
Endocarditis
Aortic Valve
Mitral Valve
Respiratory Insufficiency
Arteries
Myocardial Infarction

Keywords

  • Echocardiography
  • Mitral valve
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Regurgitation
  • Valves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Anterolateral papillary muscle rupture : An unusual complication of septic coronary embolism. / Najib, Mohammad Q.; Lee, Howard R.; Devaleria, Patrick A.; Vinales, Karyne L.; Surapaneni, Phani; Chaliki, Hari P.

In: European Journal of Echocardiography, Vol. 12, No. 2, 02.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Najib, Mohammad Q. ; Lee, Howard R. ; Devaleria, Patrick A. ; Vinales, Karyne L. ; Surapaneni, Phani ; Chaliki, Hari P. / Anterolateral papillary muscle rupture : An unusual complication of septic coronary embolism. In: European Journal of Echocardiography. 2011 ; Vol. 12, No. 2.
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