Antagonism by antidepressants of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors of human brain

E. El Fakahany, E. Richelson

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Twenty-two compounds classified as antidepressants, metabolites of antidepressants or putative antidepressants were assayed for their ability to antagonize the binding of (-)-[3H]-quinuclidinyl benzilate to muscarinic receptors in homogenates of human caudate nucleus. Sixteen of these compounds were assayed for their ability to antagonize carbachol-stimulated cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cyclic GMP) synthesis by intact murine neuroblastoma cells (clone N1E-115). Equilibrium dissociation constants (K(D)(s)) for these drugs and the muscarinic receptors of human brain spanned over 4 orders of magnitude, with the tertiary amine tricyclic antidepressant, amitriptyline (K(D) = 18 nM)) being the most potent compound tested and trazodone (K(D) = 324 μM) the least potent. There was a significant correlation between the data for human and murine receptors and for eight compounds (imipramine, desipramine, maprotiline, mianserin, 3-chloro-2-hydroxyimipramine, amoxapine, 2-hydroxyimipramine and iprindole). K(D) values measured by the two techniques were not significantly different.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-102
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1983


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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