Background: Angiolipomas are benign subcutaneous nodules that are commonly multifocal and easily overlooked by those not familiar with their appearance. The objective of this study was to identify the spectrum of the clinical and imaging features of this lesion, to include MR, CT, and US features. Methods: A retrospective review of our institutional pathology database for biopsy-proven cases of angiolipoma between January 1, 2019, through December 31, 2021, was done. We identified 334 patients who underwent surgical resection of 788 individual lesions. MR imaging studies were available in 43 cases, CT in 39 cases, and ultrasound imaging in 72 cases. Clinical features (patient age, gender, surgical indication, number of lesions) were reviewed. Imaging feature analysis included the anatomic location, content of fat, vascularity, and modality-specific imaging features. Results: All 778 angiolipomas were located in the subcutaneous tissues (median size, 2.4 cm, range 0.4–7.7 cm), with over 51% located in the upper extremity. The most common presentation was a symptomatic mass or slowly growing symptomatic mass. Imaging showed a subcutaneous lesion with a lobulated bean shape, which typically abutted the skin. Intralesional fat was identified in 85% of lesions on CT and MRI. Vessels were commonly seen on CT and MR, with enhancement best seen on MR. On US, lesions were heterogeneous and mildly hyperechoic, most often with no identifiable vascularity. Conclusion: Angiolipomas typically have characteristic imaging features. Awareness of this diagnosis and the spectrum of its imaging features is important and can facilitate a definitive diagnosis.
- Lipomatous tumor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging