Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) is being used with increasing frequency in the treatment of patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease. Balloon inflation results in diverse angiographic findings, reflecting the great variety of anatomic and pathologic changes produced. The long-term effects of inflation on the underlying atherosclerotic lesion and the clinical outcome are unknown but may depend in part on the anatomic changes caused by the dilatation itself. To facilitate communication and evaluation of the results of PTCA, a classification of the angiographic findings and their potential mechanisms is presented. Recognition and analysis of these angiographic findings may be helpful in evaluating the long-term outcome of patients undergoing PTCA.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine