Aneurysm morphology in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

A case-control study

Thomas J. Sorenson, Waleed Brinjikji, M. Jagani, John T. Wald, Giuseppe Lanzino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Approximately 8% of patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) develop intracranial aneurysms. The reason for development of intracranial aneurysms in ADPKD patients might be related to interactions between the presence of hypertension and the basic mechanism underlying the disease, which leads to weakness of the connective tissue. In this study, we aimed to identify differences in aneurysm morphology between ADPKD patients and a location-matched set of controls. Methods: A total of 42 ADPKD patients and 49 control patients with 122 aneurysms were included. Aneurysm size, location, and morphology were evaluated by two neuroradiologists. Aneurysm morphology was classified into one of three groups: regular saccular, irregular saccular, and fusiform. Continuous variables were compared with chi-squared tests and categorical variables were compared with student's t-test. Results: When considering all patients, there was no significant difference in aneurysm morphology or size (4.5 ± 2.6 mm vs 5.4 ± 2.9 mm; p = 0.09) between the ADPKD and control group. In a subgroup analysis of medium and large aneurysms (n = 61), there was a significantly lower incidence of regular saccular aneurysms (28% vs. 56%; p = 0.03) and higher incidence of fusiform aneurysms (12% vs 0%; p = 0.03) in the ADPKD group compared to a control group. Conclusion: When excluding categorically “small” aneurysms, there is a reduced incidence of regular saccular aneurysms and increased incidence of fusiform aneurysms in ADPKD patients compared to a control group. Further study of this population of patients is warranted to better understand their risks of aneurysm rupture and indications for treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney
Aneurysm
Case-Control Studies
Incidence
Intracranial Aneurysm
Control Groups
Connective Tissue
Rupture

Keywords

  • Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease
  • Intracranial aneurysm
  • Morphology
  • Rupture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Aneurysm morphology in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease : A case-control study. / Sorenson, Thomas J.; Brinjikji, Waleed; Jagani, M.; Wald, John T.; Lanzino, Giuseppe.

In: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Purpose: Approximately 8{\%} of patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) develop intracranial aneurysms. The reason for development of intracranial aneurysms in ADPKD patients might be related to interactions between the presence of hypertension and the basic mechanism underlying the disease, which leads to weakness of the connective tissue. In this study, we aimed to identify differences in aneurysm morphology between ADPKD patients and a location-matched set of controls. Methods: A total of 42 ADPKD patients and 49 control patients with 122 aneurysms were included. Aneurysm size, location, and morphology were evaluated by two neuroradiologists. Aneurysm morphology was classified into one of three groups: regular saccular, irregular saccular, and fusiform. Continuous variables were compared with chi-squared tests and categorical variables were compared with student's t-test. Results: When considering all patients, there was no significant difference in aneurysm morphology or size (4.5 ± 2.6 mm vs 5.4 ± 2.9 mm; p = 0.09) between the ADPKD and control group. In a subgroup analysis of medium and large aneurysms (n = 61), there was a significantly lower incidence of regular saccular aneurysms (28{\%} vs. 56{\%}; p = 0.03) and higher incidence of fusiform aneurysms (12{\%} vs 0{\%}; p = 0.03) in the ADPKD group compared to a control group. Conclusion: When excluding categorically “small” aneurysms, there is a reduced incidence of regular saccular aneurysms and increased incidence of fusiform aneurysms in ADPKD patients compared to a control group. Further study of this population of patients is warranted to better understand their risks of aneurysm rupture and indications for treatment.",
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N2 - Purpose: Approximately 8% of patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) develop intracranial aneurysms. The reason for development of intracranial aneurysms in ADPKD patients might be related to interactions between the presence of hypertension and the basic mechanism underlying the disease, which leads to weakness of the connective tissue. In this study, we aimed to identify differences in aneurysm morphology between ADPKD patients and a location-matched set of controls. Methods: A total of 42 ADPKD patients and 49 control patients with 122 aneurysms were included. Aneurysm size, location, and morphology were evaluated by two neuroradiologists. Aneurysm morphology was classified into one of three groups: regular saccular, irregular saccular, and fusiform. Continuous variables were compared with chi-squared tests and categorical variables were compared with student's t-test. Results: When considering all patients, there was no significant difference in aneurysm morphology or size (4.5 ± 2.6 mm vs 5.4 ± 2.9 mm; p = 0.09) between the ADPKD and control group. In a subgroup analysis of medium and large aneurysms (n = 61), there was a significantly lower incidence of regular saccular aneurysms (28% vs. 56%; p = 0.03) and higher incidence of fusiform aneurysms (12% vs 0%; p = 0.03) in the ADPKD group compared to a control group. Conclusion: When excluding categorically “small” aneurysms, there is a reduced incidence of regular saccular aneurysms and increased incidence of fusiform aneurysms in ADPKD patients compared to a control group. Further study of this population of patients is warranted to better understand their risks of aneurysm rupture and indications for treatment.

AB - Purpose: Approximately 8% of patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) develop intracranial aneurysms. The reason for development of intracranial aneurysms in ADPKD patients might be related to interactions between the presence of hypertension and the basic mechanism underlying the disease, which leads to weakness of the connective tissue. In this study, we aimed to identify differences in aneurysm morphology between ADPKD patients and a location-matched set of controls. Methods: A total of 42 ADPKD patients and 49 control patients with 122 aneurysms were included. Aneurysm size, location, and morphology were evaluated by two neuroradiologists. Aneurysm morphology was classified into one of three groups: regular saccular, irregular saccular, and fusiform. Continuous variables were compared with chi-squared tests and categorical variables were compared with student's t-test. Results: When considering all patients, there was no significant difference in aneurysm morphology or size (4.5 ± 2.6 mm vs 5.4 ± 2.9 mm; p = 0.09) between the ADPKD and control group. In a subgroup analysis of medium and large aneurysms (n = 61), there was a significantly lower incidence of regular saccular aneurysms (28% vs. 56%; p = 0.03) and higher incidence of fusiform aneurysms (12% vs 0%; p = 0.03) in the ADPKD group compared to a control group. Conclusion: When excluding categorically “small” aneurysms, there is a reduced incidence of regular saccular aneurysms and increased incidence of fusiform aneurysms in ADPKD patients compared to a control group. Further study of this population of patients is warranted to better understand their risks of aneurysm rupture and indications for treatment.

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