Androgen-binding proteins in rat epididymis: properties of a cytoplasmic receptor for androgen similar to the androgen receptor in ventral prostate and different from androgen-binding protein (ABP)

Donald J. Tindall, Vidar Hansson, William S. McLean, E. Martin Ritzen, Shihadeh N. Nayfeh, Frank S. French

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42 Scopus citations


The cytoplasmic receptor (CR) in rat epididymal 105,000 g supernatant was separated from the androgen-binding protein (ABP) by gel electrophoresis following labeling with [1,2,6,7-3H]-testosterone in vivo. ABP disappeared from epididymal supernatants after castration 01 hypophysectomy, while CR remained unchanged. CR was evenly distributed between caput and cauda, while much more ABP was present in caput. Properties of CR in epididymis and prostate were similar and distinctly different from ABP. Binding to CR was destroyed by charcoal treatment (1 mg/mg protein) of supernatant at 0 °C for 6 h, heating at 50 °C for 30 min, or exposure to the sulfhydryl blocking reagent, p-chloromercuriphenylsulfonate (1 mM) at 25 °C for 30 min, while binding to ABP was unaffected. The isoelectric pH of CR (5.8) was higher than that of ABP (4.6). Dissociation of radioactive 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) from CR and nuclear receptors was extremely slow (half-time at 0 °C >2 days), while dissociation from ABP was rapid (half-time at 0 °C ~ 6 min). Cyproterone acetate (250 mg/100g body weight) inhibited binding to CR both in epididymis and ventral prostate but did not affect binding to ABP. Nuclear uptake was inhibited by cyproterone to the same extent as binding to CR, indicating that nuclear uptake and binding are dependent on CR and independent of ABP. The time-course of uptake and binding in epididymal supernatant and nuclear fractions was essentially the same 1 day after bilateral castration when both CR and ABP were present or 8 days after castration when CR alone was present. It is concluded that the cytoplasmic receptor for androgen in rat epididymis has properties very similar to the androgen receptor in ventral prostate but different from ABP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-101
Number of pages19
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1975



  • androgen receptor
  • androgen-binding proteins
  • androgens
  • cyproterone
  • dihydrotestosterone
  • epididymis
  • prostate
  • testosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology

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