Anatomy and echocardiography of the normal and abnormal mitral valve

Alfred Asante-Korang, Patrick W. O'Leary, Robert H. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Unlike the tricuspid valve, the mitral valve has frequently received the attention of anatomists. Indeed, the drawings made by Leonardo da Vinci still retain their currency,1 whilst it was no less a personage than Andreas Vesalius who, as far as we know, first likened the bifoliate appearance of the valve to the Episcopal mitre. It was also Vesalius who recommended that the two leaflets be described as aortic and mural, reflecting their respective relationships to the aortic valve and the parietal atrioventricular junction. It was Roberts and Perloff,2 however, who emphasized the necessity, for clinical purposes, of analyzing not only the valvar leaflets, but also the overall valvar complex. As we will demonstrate in our review, this approach to analysis also proves its worth for the echocardiographic recognition of the congenitally malformed valve.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-34
Number of pages8
JournalCardiology in the young
Issue numberSUPPL. 3
StatePublished - Sep 2006


  • Atrioventricular valves
  • Parachute valve
  • Prolapse
  • Shone's complex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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