Analysis of the tissue-specific promoter of the MUC1 gene

A. Kovarik, N. Peat, D. Wilson, S. J. Gendler, J. Taylor-Papadimitriou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Scopus citations


The 5'-sequences flanking the human MUC1 gene have been analyzed for their ability to direct expression of a reporter gene (the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene (CAT)) in cell lines that normally express or do not express the MUC1 gene. A construct containing 2.9 kilobase pairs of MUC1 5'- flanking sequence sequence showed expression of CAT in breast and pancreatic cell lines but not in the non-epithelial cell lines HT-1080, SK23, and HTB96. Deletion analysis showed that maximum expression was obtained in ZR-75 (breast cancer line) and HPAF (pancreatic cancer line) with only 743 base pairs of 5'-flanking sequence. Sequences within 1.6 kilobase pairs of the transcriptional start site showed enhancing activity in a vector carrying an enhancerless SV40 promoter. Analysis of proximal 5'-sequences in a promoterless CAT vector carrying the SV40 enhancer showed that sequences between -60 and -150 were crucial for tissue-specific expression. An Sp1 site at -99/-90 and an E box (E-MUC1) at -84/-64 in this region were shown by mutational analysis to play a role in the regulation of transcription. Gel shift analysis with oligonucleotides and nuclear extracts of ZR-75 showed protein binding to both of these sites. Sp1 binding activity was similar in ZR-75 and HT1080 cells, whereas binding of factors to the E-MUC1 oligonucleotide revealed quantitative and qualitative differences between epithelial and non-epithelial cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9917-9926
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number13
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Analysis of the tissue-specific promoter of the MUC1 gene'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this