The 5'-sequences flanking the human MUC1 gene have been analyzed for their ability to direct expression of a reporter gene (the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene (CAT)) in cell lines that normally express or do not express the MUC1 gene. A construct containing 2.9 kilobase pairs of MUC1 5'- flanking sequence sequence showed expression of CAT in breast and pancreatic cell lines but not in the non-epithelial cell lines HT-1080, SK23, and HTB96. Deletion analysis showed that maximum expression was obtained in ZR-75 (breast cancer line) and HPAF (pancreatic cancer line) with only 743 base pairs of 5'-flanking sequence. Sequences within 1.6 kilobase pairs of the transcriptional start site showed enhancing activity in a vector carrying an enhancerless SV40 promoter. Analysis of proximal 5'-sequences in a promoterless CAT vector carrying the SV40 enhancer showed that sequences between -60 and -150 were crucial for tissue-specific expression. An Sp1 site at -99/-90 and an E box (E-MUC1) at -84/-64 in this region were shown by mutational analysis to play a role in the regulation of transcription. Gel shift analysis with oligonucleotides and nuclear extracts of ZR-75 showed protein binding to both of these sites. Sp1 binding activity was similar in ZR-75 and HT1080 cells, whereas binding of factors to the E-MUC1 oligonucleotide revealed quantitative and qualitative differences between epithelial and non-epithelial cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology