Purpose: To quantitatively assess volumetric changes after hypofractionated stereotactic radiation therapy (HFSRT) in patients treated for vestibular schwannomas and meningiomas. Methods and materials: We retrospectively reviewed records of patients treated with HFSRT at our institution from 2002 to 2014. Patients received a median dose of 25 Gy in 5 fractions. After treatment, they underwent clinical and radiologic follow-up with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 3- to 12-month intervals. Gross tumor volume was outlined on each thin slice of contrast-enhanced T1 series before and on each scan after HFSRT. Volumetric changes were calculated and compared with neuroradiologist interpretations. Results: Forty-three patients underwent 182 MRI scans. Tumor types included vestibular schwannoma (n = 34) and meningioma (n = 9). Median follow-up time was 29 months. Median gross tumor volume was 3.1 cm3. Local control was 81.4% for the entire cohort at the time of last follow-up. Transient volume expansion was noted in 17 patients (50%) with vestibular schwannoma and 2 (22%) with meningioma. For all patients, transient volume expansion and subsequent regression occurred at a median time of 5.5 and 12 months, respectively. Neuroradiologist agreement with regard to tumor regression, progression, or stability occurred in 155 of 182 total reports (85%). The largest discordance identified was a stable finding on the MRI interpretation when the measured volumetric change exceeded 20% (n = 24 [13%]). Conclusions: HFSRT is associated with excellent local control and a low incidence of toxicity. With volumetric MRI measurement, transient volume expansion was a common finding and was associated with temporary adverse effects. Although the neuroradiologist's interpretation generally agreed with the volumetric MRI measurement, the overall 15% discordance rate emphasizes the potential benefit of considering volumetric measurements, which may help clinicians correlate posttreatment symptoms with MRI findings.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging