Analysis of Melanoma in African American Patients in the United States

Daniel Boczar, David J. Restrepo, Andrea Sisti, Maria T. Huayllani, Humza Y. Saleem, Xiaona Lu, Gabriela Cinotto, Oscar J. Manrique, Aaron C. Spaulding, Antonio J. Forte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIM: To characterize the demographics, tumor staging and treatment of African American (AA) patients diagnosed with melanoma in the United States. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The National Cancer Database was used to extrapolate data from patients with melanoma between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2015. The patients were then further divided based on ethnicity (AAs vs. Caucasians) to compare patient efficacy of treatment. RESULTS: The mean time for AA patients to receive treatment was 20.37 days compared with 11.25 days for Caucasians (p<0.001), while time to surgery was 38.86 days compared to 31.12 days for Caucasians (p<0.001). Moreover, AA race was a predictor of American Joint Committee on Cancer stage greater than II, tumor diagnosed at autopsy, presence of ulceration, and distribution in the extremities. CONCLUSION: AA patients with melanoma are more likely to have worse tumor staging, treatment delay, treatment at an Integrated Cancer Program, and diagnosis at autopsy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6333-6337
Number of pages5
JournalAnticancer research
Volume39
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019

Keywords

  • African American
  • cancer
  • disparities
  • Melanoma
  • minorities
  • skin cancer
  • tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Boczar, D., Restrepo, D. J., Sisti, A., Huayllani, M. T., Saleem, H. Y., Lu, X., Cinotto, G., Manrique, O. J., Spaulding, A. C., & Forte, A. J. (2019). Analysis of Melanoma in African American Patients in the United States. Anticancer research, 39(11), 6333-6337. https://doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.13844