## Abstract

Analytical expressions have been derived that translate uncertainties in distance constraints (obtained from NMR investigations) into uncertainties in atom positions in the maximum likelihood (ML) structure consistent with these inputs. As a test of this approach, a comparison was made between test structures reconstructed by the new ML approach, which yields a single structure and a covariance matrix for coordinates, and those reconstructed by metric matrix distance-geometry (MMDG), which yields a family of structures that sample uncertainty space. The test structures used were 560 polyhedra, with edges of arbitrary length containing up to 50 vertices, and one polyhedron, with 100 vertices; randomized distance constraints generated from these structures were used in reconstructing the polyhedra. The uncertainties derived from the two methods showed excellent agreement, and the correlation improved, as expected, with increasingly larger numbers of MMDG structures. This agreement supports the validity of the rapid analytical ML approach, which requires the calculation of only a single structure. As a second test of the ML method, the approach was applied to the determination of uncertainties in the structure of a cyclic dipeptide, cyclo(DL-Pro-Gly) (cPG), derived from NMR cross-relaxation data. The input data were interproton distances calculated from NOEs measured for a solution of the peptide in 2:1 DMSO:H_{2}O at -40°C (so as to yield large negative NOEs). In order to evaluate effects of the quality of the input spectral parameters on the precision of the resulting NMR structure, information from the covalent geometry of cPG was not used in the structure calculations. Results obtained from the analytical ML approach compared favorably with those from the much slower random-walk variant of the Monte Carlo method applied to the same input data. As a third test, the ML approach was used with synthetic structural constraints for a small protein; the results indicate that it will be feasible to use this rapid method to translate uncertainties associated with a given set of distance restraints into uncertainties in atom positions in larger molecules.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 454-465 |

Number of pages | 12 |

Journal | Journal of Magnetic Resonance |

Volume | 135 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Dec 1998 |

## Keywords

- Distance geometry
- Error propagation
- Maximum likelihood
- NMR structure determination

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Biophysics
- Biochemistry
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics