Analysis of deletion breakpoints from 1,092 humans reveals details of mutation mechanisms

Alexej Abyzov, Shantao Li, Daniel Rhee Kim, Marghoob Mohiyuddin, Adrian M. Stütz, Nicholas F. Parrish, Xinmeng Jasmine Mu, Wyatt Clark, Ken Chen, Matthew Hurles, Jan O. Korbel, Hugo Y.K. Lam, Charles Lee, Mark B. Gerstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Investigating genomic structural variants at basepair resolution is crucial for understanding their formation mechanisms. We identify and analyse 8,943 deletion breakpoints in 1,092 samples from the 1000 Genomes Project. We find breakpoints have more nearby SNPs and indels than the genomic average, likely a consequence of relaxed selection. By investigating the correlation of breakpoints with DNA methylation, Hi-C interactions, and histone marks and the substitution patterns of nucleotides near them, we find that breakpoints with the signature of non-allelic homologous recombination (NAHR) are associated with open chromatin. We hypothesize that some NAHR deletions occur without DNA replication and cell division, in embryonic and germline cells. In contrast, breakpoints associated with non-homologous (NH) mechanisms often have sequence microinsertions, templated from later replicating genomic sites, spaced at two characteristic distances from the breakpoint. These microinsertions are consistent with template-switching events and suggest a particular spatiotemporal configuration for DNA during the events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7256
JournalNature communications
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Abyzov, A., Li, S., Kim, D. R., Mohiyuddin, M., Stütz, A. M., Parrish, N. F., Mu, X. J., Clark, W., Chen, K., Hurles, M., Korbel, J. O., Lam, H. Y. K., Lee, C., & Gerstein, M. B. (2015). Analysis of deletion breakpoints from 1,092 humans reveals details of mutation mechanisms. Nature communications, 6, [7256]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms8256